American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A wig, especially one worn by men in the 17th and 18th centuries; a periwig.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An artificial tuft of hair, made to imitate the natural hair, but usually having larger and ampler masses, worn on the head to conceal baldness, by actors in their make-up, and at one time by people generally in conformity to a fashion; a wig. About the middle of the sixteenth century wearing the peruke became a fashion. Immense perukes with curls falling upon the shoulders were worn from about 1660 to 1725, and were then succeeded by smaller and more convenient forms, which had also existed contemporaneously with the former. As late as 1825 some old-fashioned people still wore perukes, and a reminiscence of them remains in Great Britain in the wigs of the Lord Chancellor, the Speaker of the House of Commons, judges, barristers, etc.
- To wear a peruke; dress with a peruke.
- n. A wig, especially one with long hair on the sides and back, worn mainly by men in the 17th and 18th centuries.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A wig; a periwig.
- v. rare To dress with a peruke.
- n. a wig for men that was fashionable in the 17th and 18th centuries
- From French perruque. (Wiktionary)
- French perruque, from Old French, head of hair, from Old Italian perrucca. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“His silver-white hair when he removed his peruke was a venerable spectacle.”
“We would have thought it vile poltroonery and macaronism to have worn wigs -- to say nothing of powder -- unless, indeed, the peruke was a true Malplaquet club or Dettingen scratch.”
“Lean and well-built, far advanced in the thirties, a very large nose, and altogether marked features: he wore from morning till night a scratch which might well have been called a peruke, but dressed himself very neatly, and never went out but with his sword by his side, and his hat under his arm.”
“He was, however, effeminately nice in the care of his person: the hair on his body he plucked out by the roots; and because he was somewhat bald, he wore a kind of peruke, so exactly fitted to his head, that nobody could have known it for such.”
“Louisiana perique, ( 'peruke' proper,) that any old smoker would go into ecstasies over, fully equal, it is said to the genuine old-fashioned article, and that is saying a good deal.”
“The said gentleman is a citizen of respectable appearance wearing a large full-bottom'd peruke, which though it has never been comb'd is as smooth as on the first day it was form'd.”
“Ned Gowan's grey peruke inclined itself in the most precise of formal bows.”
“His eyes were bright, and save a slight disarrangement of his peruke, he gave no hint of exertion or fatigue.”
“First of all, Jon Stewart abandons his comic genius to put on metaphorical judicial robes and a peruke.”
“On the margin there stood: ex-ambassador, and a note which we also copy: “In a separate box, a neatly frizzed peruke, green glasses, seals, and two small quills an inch long, wrapped in cotton.””
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