Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. See plumb bob.
  • n. Something that weighs down or oppresses; a burden.
  • intransitive v. To fall straight down; plunge.
  • intransitive v. To decline suddenly and steeply: Stock prices plummeted.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A piece of lead attached to a line, used in sounding the depth of water.
  • n. A plumb bob or a plumb line.
  • n. Hence, any weight.
  • n. A piece of lead formerly used by school children to rule paper for writing
  • n. a plummet line, a line with a plummet; a sounding line.
  • n. Violent or dramatic fall
  • n. decline; fall; drop
  • v. To drop swiftly, in a direct manner; to fall quickly.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A piece of lead attached to a line, used in sounding the depth of water.
  • n. A plumb bob or a plumb line. See under Plumb, n.
  • n. Hence, any weight.
  • n. A piece of lead formerly used by school children to rule paper for writing.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To weight with plummets, or as with plummets.
  • n. A piece of lead or other metal attached to a line, used in sounding the depth of water, determining the vertical, etc.
  • n. An instrument used by carpenters, masons, and others in adjusting erections to a vertical line; a plumb-rule.
  • n. The pommel or knob on the hilt of a sword.
  • n. A weight.
  • n. A piece of lead formerly used by school-boys to rule paper for writing.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. drop sharply
  • n. the metal bob of a plumb line

Etymologies

Middle English plomet, from Old French, ball of lead, diminutive of plom, plomb, sounding lead, from Latin plumbum.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old English plommet ("ball of lead", "plumb of a bob-line"), recorded since 1382, from Old French plommet or plomet, the diminutive of plom, plum ("lead", "sounding lead"), from Latin plumbum ("lead"). The verb is first recorded in 1626, originally meaning "to fathom, take soundings", from the noun. (Wiktionary)

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