American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. An annually elected magistrate of the ancient Roman Republic, ranking below but having approximately the same functions as a consul.
- n. Roman history The title designating a Roman administrative official whose role changed over time:
- n. by extension A high civic or administrative official, especially a chief magistrate or mayor. Sometimes used as a title.
- n. The title of the chief magistrate, the mayor, and/or the podestà in Palermo, in Verona, and in various other parts of Italy.
- From the Anglo-Norman pretour, pretore, the Middle French preteur (from the Old French pretor; compare the Modern French préteur), and their etymon, the Classical Latin praetor ("leader”, “commander”, “magistrate"); the Latin praetor being contracted from *praeitor ("one who goes before"), from praeeō ("I go before"), from prae ("before") + eō ("I go"); compare the Italian pretore, the Portuguese pretor, and the Spanish pretor. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English pretor, from Old French, from Latin praetor, perhaps from praeīre, to go before : prae-, pre- + īre, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“ The praetor -- The _praetor urbanus_, or city praetor, who decided all causes between citizens, and passed sentence on debtors.”
“This praetor was no doubt propraetor of the province of Africa, sent thither from Rome to undertake the regular administration, but he was at the same time placed at the disposal of the consul Marius; for as a propraetor had the _jus praetorem_ in his province, he was sometimes simply called praetor; thus Verres is often called praetor of Sicily.”
“Quintus was coming to the end of his term as praetor and was heavily in debt and apprehensive about what province he might draw in the forthcoming lottery.”
“Ambitious Romans aimed for the consulship soon after their term as praetor.”
“Cicero, who was praetor that year (the praetor was the magistrate next in rank to the consul), defended Cluentius, and told his client's whole story.”
“However, as I said, a stem zil forms the basis of many verbal derivatives zili, zilχ, zilχnce, zilace, etc., so I suspect that zilaθ wasn't intended as a noun specifically meaning "praetor" as usually claimed.”
“Now perhaps zil simply means something to the effect of "to put in power" however the above inscription does not indicate a noun meaning "praetor".”
“Since, under grammatical analysis, we can fully see that zilaθ is in fact a participle of a verb zil (which forms other words like the adjective zilx), the interpretation of "zilath" as a kind of praetor obviously can't be entirely accurate, even if the essence of the translation may be correct (ie. the verb in question may still refer to an act of leadership).”
“The status quo account of zilχ, for instance, is that it's the word for 'praetor' and thus an animate noun.”
“Now I shall try you, not only as 'praetor' in the greatest, but as 'censor' in lesser, and as the lowest magistrate in the least cases.”
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List of Roman government and military officials, offices, and bodies. No attempt is made to distinguish between different periods of the empire's history.
The cursus honorum, or, the c...
About leaders, particularly the authority-figure at the top of the tree.
For stuff to simply reside.
There are 17576 different sequences of three letters (26 x 26 x 26). How many of them occur in words? General rules of engagement: mononyms only, lower case preferred to upper case, short preferred...
Noble, leadership and ranking titles.
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