American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A scarabaeid beetle, especially Scarabaeus sacer, regarded as sacred by the ancient Egyptians.
- n. A representation of this beetle, such as a ceramic or stone sculpture or a cut gem, used in ancient Egypt as a talisman and a symbol of the soul. Also called scarabaeus.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A beetle. It was supposed to be bred in and to feed on dung; hence the name was often applied opprobriously to persons. See dung-beetle, tumblebug, and cuts under
- n. In entomology, a coleopterous insect of the family Scarabæidæ, and especially of the genus Scarabæus; a scarabæid or scarabæoid.
- n. A gem, usually emerald, green feldspar, or obsidian, cut in the form of beetle and engraved on the under face, common among the ancient Egyptians as an amulet. Also scarabæus.
- n. A conventionalized beetle, which is a common motive in Egyptian art.
- n. A type of beetle belonging to the family Scarabaeidae, especially the species Scarabaeus sacer, sacred to the ancient Egyptians.
- n. A symbol, seal, amulet, or gem fashioned to resemble the sacred beetle.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Zoöl.) Any one of numerous species of lamellicorn beetles of the genus Scarabæus, or family
Scarabæidæ, especially the sacred, or Egyptian, species (Scarabæus sacer, and Scarabæus Egyptiorum).
- n. (Egyptian Archæology, Jewelry) A stylized representation of a scarab beetle carved in stone or faience, or made in baked clay, usually in a conventionalized form in which the beetle has its legs held closely at its sides, and commonly having an inscription on the flat underside; -- a symbol of resurrection, used by the ancient Egyptians as an ornament or a talisman, and in modern times used in jewelry, usually by engraving the formalized scarab design on cabuchon stones. Also used attributively.
- n. scarabaeid beetle considered divine by ancient Egyptians
- From Middle French scarabée, from Latin scarabaeus ("beetle"), from Ancient Greek κάραβος (karabos, "beetle"). (Wiktionary)
- French scarabée, from Latin scarabaeus, from Greek karabos, crab, beetle. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“This scarab is invariably engraved with a special formula (chap. xxx.,”
“Remember how I said my scarab was the most painful yet?”
“Plunged into depression, she sought information about the traditions surrounding King Tut and came to believe that repatriating the scarab was the only way to break the alleged curse.”
“One level deeper into the scarab is a blend of the Egyptian ankh and the Christian cross.”
“Enclosing the scarab was a framework of gold which had held, among other elements, a pair of cartouches containing the names of a pharaoh.”
“Utset called the scarab beetle and gave him the sack of stars, telling him to pass out first with them.”
“These words are to be inscribed on a hard green, gold-coated scarab, which is to be inserted through the mouth into the bosom of the deceased.”
“The scarab, which is a very small one, Leo had insisted upon having set in a massive gold ring, such as is generally used for signets, and it was this very ring that I now picked up.”
“Greeks called the scarabæus the _Helio-cantharus_, 7.”
“This led them to believe that the scarab is a symbol for rebirth, resurrection and renewal.”
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