from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A stringed instrument of India that has a long, fretted fingerboard with resonating gourds at each end.


Hindi vīṇā, from Sanskrit.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)


  • While others have arbitrarily assigned the meaning of 'vineyard' to the Etruscan hapax vinac, I prefer to pay proper attention to the larger context from which it comes, the phrase vina-c restm-c, which more sensibly reads as 'both wine and lees'.

    The diffusion of the Italian terms for 'wine' from Etruscan

  • Dar nu exista nici o libertate deplina fara responsabilitate, caci asta inseamna democratie, Libertate si RESPONSABILITATE, si nu e nevoie de lege politica pentru asta, nu putem da vina in totalitate pe guvernare, desi ... e praf!

    Declin al societatii

  • [TCap xv]; cenu [CPer A.x], canu [TLE 775] show us bluntly that vina- should never be interpreted as a type of property without ripping the delicate semantic web of the Etruscan language to shreds.

    Archive 2009-07-01

  • We must put methodical grammatical analysis before willy-nilly tripe from the start: the noun phrase vinac restmc is properly segmented as vina-c restm-c once we accept the obvious that they're both extended with the common conjunctive -c, giving us the two direct objects of the subsequent transitive participle cenu 'brought'.

    Archive 2009-07-01

  • Any reasonable translation must then be of the form "Both vina and restum were brought."

    Archive 2009-07-01

  • The remaining is a suffix -um which is fortunately attested a few times in what appear to be abstract, uncountable derivative nouns expressing concepts of mass or material as in meθlum 'people' (from *meθil 'group') and vinum 'wine' (from vina, also 'wine').

    Archive 2009-07-01

  • All indications are that vina is a ritual offering, no doubt simply a libation of wine.

    Archive 2009-07-01

  • If I understand correctly Pisani is equating vinutalina with 'wine-bearing' but we also find Etruscan vina and θalna which together give it a similar meaning while also providing thought-provoking cognates.

    Archive 2008-04-01

  • Inside he keeps his vina to strum, implements for drawing, a book, garlands of flowers, a board for dice, and cages of pet birds.

    India: The Place of Sex

  • Tune the vina neither high nor low, and we shall dance joyfully as we go.

    Family Training vs. "Family Week"

Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.


Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.