from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A writ requiring appearance in court to give testimony.
- transitive v. To serve or summon with such a writ.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A writ requiring someone to appear in court to give testimony.
- v. To summon with a subpoena.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a writ issued by court authority to compel the attendance of a witness at a judicial proceeding; disobedience may be punishable as a contempt of court
- v. serve or summon with a subpoena
Middle English suppena, from Medieval Latin sub poenā, under a penalty (from the opening words of the writ) : Latin sub, under; see sub- + Latin poenā, ablative of poena, penalty; see kwei-1 in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
First attested with this spelling in 1623 CE, from Latin: sub ("under") and poena ("penalty"). (Wiktionary)