Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. One that jumps.
  • n. A type of coasting sled.
  • n. Electricity A short length of wire used temporarily to complete a circuit or to bypass a break in a circuit.
  • n. Basketball See jump shot.
  • n. A saddle horse that has been trained to jump over obstacles.
  • n. A sleeveless dress worn over a blouse or sweater.
  • n. A loose, protective garment worn over other clothes.
  • n. A child's garment consisting of straight-legged pants attached to a biblike bodice. Often used in the plural.
  • n. Chiefly British A pullover sweater.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Someone or something that jumps, e.g. a participant in a jumping event in track or skiing.
  • n. A woolen sweater or pullover.
  • n. A loose outer jacket, especially one worn by workers and sailors.
  • n. A one-piece, sleeveless dress, or a skirt with straps and a complete or partial bodice, usually worn over a blouse by women and children.
  • n. Rompers.
  • n. A short length of electrical conductor, to make a temporary connection. Also jump wire.
  • n. A removable connecting pin on an electronic circuit board.
  • n. A person who attempts suicide by jumping from a great height.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One who, or that which, jumps.
  • n. A long drilling tool used by masons and quarrymen.
  • n. A rude kind of sleigh; -- usually, a simple box on runners which are in one piece with the poles that form the thills.
  • n. The larva of the cheese fly. See Cheese fly, under Cheese.
  • n. A name applied in the 18th century to certain Calvinistic Methodists in Wales whose worship was characterized by violent convulsions.
  • n. spring to impel the star wheel, also a pawl to lock fast a wheel, in a repeating timepiece.
  • n. A loose upper garment.
  • n. A sort of blouse worn by workmen over their ordinary dress to protect it.
  • n. A fur garment worn in Arctic journeys.
  • n. A sleeveless one-piece dress, either with full shoulders or straps, sometimes with only the front part of the bodice, usually worn by women with a blouse underneath.
  • n. A thing that jumps; esp., any of various tools or other contrivances operating with a jumping motion
  • n. a short wire, or a small plastic object containing such a short wire, used to optionally connect or disconnect two points in an electronic circuit, so as to include or exclude portions of the circuit and thus modify the function of the circuit. Such jumpers are much used to adapt add-on circuit boards for different conditions or functions within a computer.
  • transitive v. to insert a jumper{2} between the two contacts in (a circuit). See 2nd jumper.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. One who or that which jumps. Specifically
  • n. One who practises leaping or dancing as a part of divine worship.
  • n. One who jumps a claim to land.
  • n. In zoology any animal which habitually jumps, leaps, or hops as a mode of progression.
  • n. In mech., a tool or contrivance which works with a jumping motion.
  • n. A bit used in a jointer.
  • n. A special form of plowshare for rough soil, or soil filled with roots.
  • n. In telegraphy, a wire used to cut out an instrument or part of a circuit, or to close temporarily a gap in a circuit.
  • n. A kind of sleigh: usually a simple box on runners, especially on runners which are parts of the poles forming the thills, and the middle parts of which are made thinner so as to bend.
  • n. Nautical, a preventer-rope made fast in such a way as to prevent a yard, mast, or boom from jumping, or giving way in an upward direction, in heavy weather.
  • n. A kind of loose jacket with sleeves worn by some classes of laborers, as seamen and stevedores, usually with overalls, reaching to the thighs, and buttoned the whole length in front; also, any upper garment of similar shape.
  • To mix together; mingle; jumble.
  • n.
  • n. One who is registered and votes fraudulently in several places.
  • n. One who is affected with the jumping-disease.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a small connector used to make temporary electrical connections
  • n. a loose jacket or blouse worn by workmen
  • n. a coverall worn by children
  • n. a sleeveless dress resembling an apron; worn over other clothing
  • n. (basketball) a player releases the basketball at the high point of a jump
  • n. a crocheted or knitted garment covering the upper part of the body
  • n. an athlete who competes at jumping
  • n. a person who jumps

Etymologies

Probably from jump, short coat, perhaps from obsolete jup, bodice, from obsolete French juppe, from Old French jupe, jube, from Italian giuppa, giubba, from Arabic jubba, long garment with wide open sleeves, from jabba, to cut; see gbb in Semitic roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

Comments

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  • I've run across the word "jumper" before in British novels, and I was able to infer from the context that it was some kind of article of clothing, but I could never figure out exactly what kind of article of clothing. If you had told me that a "jumper" was a kangaroo costume, I might very well have believed you.

    April 16, 2011

  • IrE, BrE; in AmE use sweater

    April 4, 2011

  • As Calvin's Uncle Max once said,
    "Sometimes I think all my friends have been imaginary".

    December 2, 2008

  • Yes, I know, sionnach. Thanks for posting links. And for no apparent reason, I always think of Lumiere as having the first name Sebastian. (Sebastien?)

    December 2, 2008

  • "The Little Mermaid" and "Beauty and the Beast" do have a Sebastian and Belle, respectively:

    Sebastian the crab

    Belle from Beauty and the Beast

    December 2, 2008

  • I hadn't heard of Belle and Sebastian except from Pro, and (oddly) had the same assumption as sionnach. :) But then I saw a couple of their CDs at the library.

    December 1, 2008

  • Yeah, that last paragraph is as horrible as any ... if indeed the nasty experiments took place in the way that's described. But it must be true, I found it on the internet.

    I'd never heard of Belle and Sebastian either. I'd kind of assumed they were Pro's imaginary friends.

    December 1, 2008

  • Now compare to some of their CD covers...
    (Edit: link fixed on April 16, 2011)

    December 1, 2008

  • Ahh! Thanks, Pro. That is very interesting. I learn so much on Wordie.

    belle & sebastian

    December 1, 2008

  • That reading was really the most painful I've had in years.

    Let's talk about Belle and Sebastian, sionnach.
    They are a Scottish band, whose name was inspired by the novel (and cartoon) "Belle et Sébastien". Doubly interesting.

    December 1, 2008

  • With respect to the link that bilby provided, one wonders how the horrific animal experiments of the Mengele-like Dr Calvin Frederick were ever sanctioned by an IACUC (animal care and use committee).

    December 1, 2008

  • Oh my God. It's true. Pro has learned all his English from Belle and Sebastian.

    Now I'm going to have to look up who the hell B & S actually are, as I had always assumed they were characters from a Disney cartoon musical involving either mermaids or candelabras. But the lyrics above suggest otherwise.

    A jumper could be cable-knit. But cable-knit jumper cables seem a bit impractical.

    Overripe Venusian trigonometry bulbous manxieties.

    December 1, 2008

  • "According to Maris, there have been cases of people about to jump off the Golden Gate Bridge when a police officer pulls up and says, 'Get down or I'll shoot', usually, the jumper gets down. He may want to die, but he wants to control how."
    - unknown, Why Did Victims Jump from the World Trade Center.

    December 1, 2008

  • So let's see your kit for games
    All the girls look the same
    You are challenging styles for running miles
    You're running miles in some boy's jumper.


    (Lazy Line Painter Jane, by Belle and Sebastian)

    August 6, 2008