Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of various gnatlike flies of the family Chironomidae, found worldwide and frequently occurring in swarms near ponds and lakes.
  • n. Any of various similar dipteran insects, such as the biting midges of the family Ceratopogonidae.
  • n. A little person.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any of various small two-winged flies, for example, from the family Chironomidae or non-biting midges, the family Chaoboridae or phantom midges, and the family Ceratopogonidae or biting midges, all belonging to the order Diptera.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n.
  • n. Any one of many small, delicate, long-legged flies of the Chironomus, and allied genera, which do not bite. Their larvæ are usually aquatic.
  • n. A very small fly, abundant in many parts of the United States and Canada, noted for the irritating quality of its bite.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A two-winged fly of the order Diptera and suborder Nemocera; a gnat or some insect resembling one: a popular name applied with little discrimination to many different insects.
  • n. Something small of its kind, as the fry of fish; a dwarf; a midget.
  • n. A very small one-horse carriage used in the Isle of Wight, England.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. minute two-winged mosquito-like fly lacking biting mouthparts; appear in dancing swarms especially near water

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old English mycg.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English mydge, migge, from Old English mygg, mycg ("midge, gnat"), from West Germanic mugjō, from Proto-Germanic *mujan, *muwō (“midge”), from Proto-Indo-European *mū- (“fly, midge”), *mu-, *mew-. Cognate with Scots mige ("midge"), West Frisian mich ("fly, mosquito"), Dutch mug ("midge, gnat, mosquito"), Low German mügge ("midge, gnat, mosquito"), German Mücke ("midge, gnat, mosquito"), Swedish mygg, mygga ("midge, gnat, mosquito"), Icelandic  ("midge, gnat, fly"). The Proto-Indo-European root was also the source of Latin musca, Ancient Greek μυῖα (muia), Russian муха (múxa), Latvian muša, Albanian mizë, Armenian մուն (mun). (Wiktionary)

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