from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Made shiny and smooth by rubbing or chemical action.
  • adjective Naturally shiny and smooth.
  • adjective Having the husk or outer layers removed. Used of grains of rice.
  • adjective Refined or sophisticated.
  • adjective Having no imperfections or errors; well-executed; flawless.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Made smooth by polishing.
  • Having naturally a smooth, lustrous surface, like that produced by polishing; specifically, in entomology smooth and shining, but without metallic luster.
  • Brought by training or elaboration to a condition void of roughness, irregularity, imperfections, or inelegances; carefully elaborated; especially, elegant; refined; polite.
  • Purified; absolved.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective Made smooth and glossy, as by friction; hence, highly finished; refined; polite

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective Made smooth or shiny by polishing.
  • adjective refined, elegant
  • verb Simple past tense and past participle of polish.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adjective (of grains especially rice) having the husk or outer layers removed
  • adjective (of lumber or stone) to trim and smooth
  • adjective showing a high degree of refinement and the assurance that comes from wide social experience
  • adjective perfected or made shiny and smooth


Sorry, no etymologies found.


    Sorry, no example sentences found.


Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.