American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A native or inhabitant of Ionia.
- n. One of a Hellenic people of Mycenaean origin that inhabited Attica, the Peloponnesus along the Saronic Gulf, Euboea, the Cyclades, and Ionia.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Relating to Ionia or to the Ionians; Ionic.
- n. A member of one of the three or (as some count) four great divisions of the ancient Greek race, the others being the Dorians and Æolians, or the Dorians, Æolians, and Acheans. Originally they inhabited Attica, Eubœa, and the district in the Peloponnesus afterward known as Achæa. From Attica they spread over most of the islands (the Ionian Islands) of the Ægean sea, and settled in Ionia on the coast of Asia Minor. They founded various colonies on the shores of the Euxine, Propontis, and the Ægean, and in the west they planted Catana and other colonies in Sicily; Rhegium, Cumæ, etc., in Italy; and Marseilles and others in Gaul. The Asiatic Ionians especially did much to introduce Asiatic civilization and luxury into Greece, and were often reproached by the other Greeks with effeminacy. Also (rarely) called
Iastian, and in the plural Iones.
- adj. Relating to the Hellenic people of that name.
- adj. Ionic, of Ionia, the ancient (ca 1100 BC) region including western Asia Minor and the adjacent Aegean Islands occupied by the Ionian people.
- adj. Relating to Io, one of the moons of the planet Jupiter
- n. A member of the Ionians, one of the races of Ancient Greece.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of or pertaining to Ionia or the Ionians; Ionic.
- adj. of or pertaining to the ancient Ionians who lived in Attica and related territories, to their Ionic dialect of Greek, or to their culture
- n. the ancient Greek inhabitants of Attica and related regions in Ionia
- n. a member of one of four linguistic divisions of the prehistoric Greeks
- From Ionia, from Io (Wiktionary)
“The Euxine is meant in any case and the word Ionian is therefore wrong.] [Footnote 1403: Apollonius seems to have thought that the Po, the Rhone, and the Rhine are all connected together.] [Footnote 1404: i.e. like the scrapings from skin, APOSTLEGGISMATA; see”
“The Euxine is meant in any case and the word Ionian is therefore wrong.]”
“Macareus was a son of Crinacus the son of Zeus as Hesiod says ... and dwelt in Olenus in the country then called Ionian, but now”
“The islanders furnished seventeen ships, and were armed like Hellenes, this also being a Pelasgian race, though afterwards it came to be called Ionian by the same rule as the Ionians of the twelve cities, who came from Athens.”
“Hecataeus had acted as adviser in the so-called Ionian rebellion, when in 500 B.C. the Greeks of Asia Minor rose up against the Persians, who, about half a century earlier, had subjected them to their rule.”
“The eldest school of Greek philosophy, called the Ionian, was founded by Thales of Miletus, about the middle of the sixth century B.C.”
“Fragment #52 -- Diodorus  v. 81: Macareus was a son of Crinacus the son of Zeus as Hesiod says ... and dwelt in Olenus in the country then called Ionian, but now Achaean.”
“Let us first trace the origins in the philosophers, particularly in the group known as the Ionian Physiologists, whether at home or as colonists in the south of Italy, in whose work the beginnings of scientific medicine may be found.”
“The Ionian has been the source of the Eastern scripts, Romaic, Coptic,”
“While these wild but ingenious speculators conducted the career of that philosophy called the Ionian, to the later time of the serene and lofty spiritualism of Anaxagoras, two new schools arose, both founded by Ionians, but distinguished by separate names -- the Eleatic and the Italic.”
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