American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of, relating to, or being a style of European architecture containing both Roman and Byzantine elements, prevalent especially in the 11th and 12th centuries and characterized by massive walls, round arches, and relatively simple ornamentation.
- adj. Of, relating to, or being corresponding styles in painting and sculpture.
- n. A Romanesque style of architecture, painting, or sculpture.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Roman or Romance. Specifically, in art: Belonging to or designating the early medieval style of art and ornament developed in western Europe from those of the later Roman empire.
- Hence— Same as romantic, 5.
- Noting the dialect of Languedoc. See II., 2.—
- [lowercase] Pertaining to romance; romantic. [A Gallicism.]
- the late, fully developed Romanesque of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, which comprises the advanced and differentiated Lombard, Rhenish, Saxon, Norman, and Burgundian styles. The latter division, while retaining the semicircular arch and other characteristic features of Roman architecture, is in every sense an original style of great richness and dignity, always inferior, however, to the succeeding Pointed style in the less perfect stability of its round arch and vault, the greater heaviness and less organic quality of its structure (the Romanesque architect, like the old Roman, still trusting for stability rather to the massiveness of his walls than, like his succcessor in the thirteenth century, to the scientific combination of a skeleton framework of masonry), the inferior flexibility of its design, and the archaic character of its figure-sculpture, of which much, however, is admirable in the best examples, particularly in France. See medieval architecture (under medieval), and compare cuts under Norman, Rhenish, and modillion.
- n. The early medieval style of architecture and ornament founded in the West upon those of the later Roman empire, and the varieties into which it is subdivided, known as Lombard, Norman, Rhenish, etc. See I.
- n. The common dialect of Languedoc and some other districts in the south of France.
- adj. Somewhat resembling the Roman; -- applied sometimes to the debased style of the later Roman Empire, but especially to the more developed architecture prevailing from the 8th century to the 12th.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Arch.) Somewhat resembling the Roman; -- applied sometimes to the debased style of the later Roman empire, but esp. to the more developed architecture prevailing from the 8th century to the 12th.
- adj. Of or pertaining to romance or fable; fanciful.
- n. Romanesque style.
- n. a style of architecture developed in Italy and western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles after 1000 AD; characterized by round arches and vaults and by the substitution of piers for columns and profuse ornament and arcades
- Roman + -esque (Wiktionary)
“In his Spirit of the Liturgy, Pope Benedict XVI cites the icongraphic (of which the Romanesque is a Western variant), the gothic and the baroque ‘at its best’ as authentic liturgical forms.”
“It was a long process which began at least as early as the age of Alexander and continued until the fall of the Western Roman Empire and afterwards, until, indeed, the decadent classical art was utterly supplanted by the art which we call Romanesque and Byzantine, and which seems to us now at its best to be as great as any art that has ever been.”
“How strangely different is the result of this transition in the south from those severe and rigid forms which we call Romanesque in Germany and”
“These choirs were raised above the level of the nave, to admit of crypts beneath them, as in many Lombard churches; a practice which, with the reduplication of the choir and apse just mentioned, became very common in German Romanesque architecture.”
“Built extraordinary church in Italian Romanesque style at Wilton”
“They also ensured that European civilization -- we still call it "Romanesque" -- would draw on its classical roots.”
“He made his name as a young scholar, though, by helping to define and elevate the singular style of art known as Romanesque, and it was to the Romanesque that he returned when he was invited to deliver the prestigious Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard in 1967.”
“ Beginning about 800 A.D. came a revival, and the adoption of an architectural style called Romanesque, because it went back to Roman principles of construction.”
“Gothic (not Romanesque, that is to say), or late Renaissance it seems to me that the blacks have the best of it.”
“Europe, that is to say on Italy, in church music and church poetry though this was only in the very early period (until the seventh century); it had a permanent and wider influence in ecclesiastical architecture, through the development of the so-called Romanesque style (in the tenth and eleventh centuries), the Oriental and”
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