from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of, relating to, or being a style of European architecture containing both Roman and Byzantine elements, prevalent especially in the 11th and 12th centuries and characterized by massive walls, round arches, and relatively simple ornamentation.
- adj. Of, relating to, or being corresponding styles in painting and sculpture.
- n. A Romanesque style of architecture, painting, or sculpture.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Somewhat resembling the Roman; -- applied sometimes to the debased style of the later Roman Empire, but especially to the more developed architecture prevailing from the 8th century to the 12th.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Somewhat resembling the Roman; -- applied sometimes to the debased style of the later Roman empire, but esp. to the more developed architecture prevailing from the 8th century to the 12th.
- adj. Of or pertaining to romance or fable; fanciful.
- n. Romanesque style.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Roman or Romance.
- Hence— Same as romantic, 5.
- Noting the dialect of Languedoc. See II., 2.—
- [lowercase] Pertaining to romance; romantic. [A Gallicism.]
- the late, fully developed Romanesque of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, which comprises the advanced and differentiated Lombard, Rhenish, Saxon, Norman, and Burgundian styles. The latter division, while retaining the semicircular arch and other characteristic features of Roman architecture, is in every sense an original style of great richness and dignity, always inferior, however, to the succeeding Pointed style in the less perfect stability of its round arch and vault, the greater heaviness and less organic quality of its structure (the Romanesque architect, like the old Roman, still trusting for stability rather to the massiveness of his walls than, like his succcessor in the thirteenth century, to the scientific combination of a skeleton framework of masonry), the inferior flexibility of its design, and the archaic character of its figure-sculpture, of which much, however, is admirable in the best examples, particularly in France. See medieval architecture (under medieval), and compare cuts under Norman, Rhenish, and modillion.
- n. The early medieval style of architecture and ornament founded in the West upon those of the later Roman empire, and the varieties into which it is subdivided, known as Lombard, Norman, Rhenish, etc. See I.
- n. The common dialect of Languedoc and some other districts in the south of France.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a style of architecture developed in Italy and western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles after 1000 AD; characterized by round arches and vaults and by the substitution of piers for columns and profuse ornament and arcades
Roman + -esque (Wiktionary)