American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Striving to overcome in argument; combative.
- adj. Struggling to achieve effect; strained and contrived.
- adj. Of or relating to contests, originally those of the ancient Greeks.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to contests of strength or athletic combats, or to contests of any kind, as a forensic or argumentative contest.
- Combative; polemic; given to contending.
- Strained; aiming at effect; melodramatic.
- n. The act of combating or struggling; combat; struggle.
- adj. Of or relating to contests that were originally participated in by the Ancient Greeks; athletic.
- adj. zoology, anthropology Characterised by conflict or hostility.
- adj. rhetoric Argumentative, combative.
- adj. pharmacology Pertaining to an agonist.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Pertaining to violent contests, bodily or mental; pertaining to athletic or polemic feats; athletic; combative; hence, strained; unnatural.
- adj. striving to overcome in argument
- adj. struggling for effect
- adj. of or relating to the athletic contests held in ancient Greece
- From Ancient Greek ἀγωνιστικός. (Wiktionary)
“In an antagonistic what in biology is called agonistic encounter with another animal, a dog wants to appear to be the bigger, more powerful creature—so he makes a big-dog sound.”
“Burckhardt and Nietzsche were colleagues in Basel, and each developed an "agonistic" theory of society.”
“It's here that he rails for the umpteenth time against lesser critics who have dared to suggest that his boisterous, agonistic account of writerly influence might be weighted in favour of a certain masculinist tradition.”
“Rush Limbaugh in my honest opinion I believe that you are just an agonistic pig, who do not have a heart.”
“Beyond this, however, Connolly's model of a pluralism that can legitimately admire a diversity of metaphysical perspectives (rather than simply tolerate them) looks rather like an agonistic version of”
“For market fundamentalists, life is an agonistic struggle of individuals, each of whom is fundamentally alone and solely responsible for her own life.”
“One important hypothesis is that such signals impose social (or 'maintenance') costs incurred through repeated agonistic interactions with other individuals9, 10, 11, 12.”
“The idea that in such an agonistic system any truth or justice, or even true facts, reliably result is, to my mind, quite analogous to the muddle of “the invisible hand” in economics, or the idea that “competition” necessarily results in an optimal market.”
“A strictly atheistic or agonistic explanation is still always possible.”
“Look elsewhere for agonistic social ontology: A response to Smith from The Immanent Frame posted by Nicholas Wolterstorff”
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