Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The wife or widow of an archduke.
  • n. A woman, especially an Austrian princess, holding an archduchy in her own right.
  • n. Used as a title for such a noblewoman.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A daughter or granddaughter of the Emperor of Austria-Hungary, or the wife of a son or grandson of the Emperor of Austria-Hungary

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The consort of an archduke; also, a princess of the imperial family of Austria. See archduke.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The wife of an archduke; a princess of the reigning family of Austria.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a wife or widow of an archduke or a princess of the former ruling house of Austria

Etymologies

French archiduchesse, feminine of archiduc, archduke; see archduke.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
arch- +‎ duchess. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The archduchess will be a precious guaranty to Napoleon, for he will feel convinced that the emperor will be unwilling to sacrifice his child, and this conviction will fill him with confidence and a feeling of security.

    Napoleon and the Queen of Prussia

  • The Spanish Illness Toulouse Valmorain arrived in Saint-Domingue in 1770, the same year the dauphin of France married the Austrian archduchess, Marie Antoinette.

    'Island Beneath the Sea'

  • Since Haydn was patronized by Marie-Antoinette's mother and the young archduchess grew up listening to his music, it is fitting to see her picture on the cover.

    A New CD

  • Marie Antoinette, archduchess and queen; but I am also sorry for that poor

    Les Miserables

  • Vaenius relates how the archduchess Isabella suggested his earlier love emblems Amorum Emblemata, 1608 might be reworked 'in a spiritual and divine sense.'

    Amoris divini emblemata

  • While you can boast of your three overwhelming millions, we can only produce our poor one million, — a mere nothing in your eyes, though three times the dowry of an archduchess of Austria.

    A Marriage Contract

  • The recent Coppola film has further damaged the image of the much-maligned, beautiful and charming Austrian archduchess, sent to France at age fourteen to marry the fifteen-year-old Dauphin.

    Marie-Antoinette: a reputation in shreds

  • This is the moment when the 14-year-old Austrian archduchess was stripped naked to be handed over to the French and re-dressed.

    Sofia's Choice

  • This obvious reflection convinced me of the absurdity of the treaty of Hanover, in 1725, between France and England, to which the Dutch afterward acceded; for it was made upon the apprehensions, either real or pretended, that the marriage of Don Carlos with the eldest archduchess, now Queen of Hungary, was settled in the treaty of Vienna, of the same year, between Spain and the late Emperor

    Letters to his son on The Art of Becoming a Man of the World and a Gentleman

  • The fourteen-year-old Austrian archduchess Marie-Antoinette had come to marry the new dauphin in the Hall of Mirrors.

    THE DIAMOND

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