American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells that carries the genes and functions in the transmission of hereditary information.
- n. A circular strand of DNA in bacteria that contains the hereditary information necessary for cell life.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In cytology, one of the definite segments or pieces of chromatin of the cell-nucleus. The chromosome normally divides into two equal parts, by either longitudinal or transverse splitting, before or during cell-division, and each of the parts thus arising becomes a chromosome of a daughter-nucleus. The number of chromosomes in the cells of a given animal or plant appears to be definite and constant. See cut on p. 245.
- n. biology, cytology A structure in the cell nucleus that contains DNA, histone protein, and other structural proteins.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Biol.) One of the minute bodies into which the chromatin of the nucleus is resolved during mitotic cell division; the
- n. a threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
- 19th century: from German Chromosom, ultimately from Ancient Greek χρῶμα (khroma, "colour") + σῶμα ("body") (because they are stained under the microscope). (Wiktionary)
“Genitourinary malformations in chromosome 22q11. 2 deletion.”
“JRA-like polyarthritis in chromosome 22q11. 2 deletion syndrome (DiGeorge anomalad/velocardiofacial syndrome/conotruncal anomaly face syndrome).”
“Lack of correlation between impaired T cell production, immunodeficiency, and other phenotypic features in chromosome 22q11. 2 deletion syndromes.”
“The doctor may also look at the blood for changes in chromosome 13.”
“Elizabeth Goldmuntz, MD: So you can see that the genetic basis of these disorders can encompass either complete change in chromosome number, like having a complete extra copy of a chromosome.”
“The research shows that, for the bearded dragon at least, the W chromosome is not necessary in producing a female.”
“The team suspects that a double dose of a particular gene on the Z chromosome is instead crucial for maleness, and that this gene is inactivated by high temperatures.”
“Do they match the variation in chromosome numbers?”
“So, adding some Y chromosome is supposed to be a good thing?”
“It starts out in the first chapter of incorrectly asserting that woman came from man (the Y chromosome is actually evolved from the X – which is proved in the fact that all life starts out female).”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘chromosome’.
All the scientific words found in the official EU nomenclature. For the screening I used Vocabgrabber of the Visual Thesaurus.
Words are all I have to take your heart away
includes words of the "Prodcom list"
My big word list.
denoting a part of the body or of a cell
color; of colors
this list appeared in many American newspapers in the fall of 2002.
Words that end with -some.
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