Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Security against damage, loss, or injury.
  • n. A legal exemption from liability for damages.
  • n. Compensation for damage, loss, or injury suffered. See Synonyms at reparation.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. an obligation or duty upon an individual to incur the losses of another.
  • n. repayment
  • n. the right of an injured party to shift the loss onto the party responsible for the loss.
  • n. a principle of insurance which provides that when a loss occurs, the insured should be restored to the approximate financial condition occupied before the loss occurred, no better, no worse.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Security; insurance; exemption from loss or damage, past or to come; immunity from penalty, or the punishment of past offenses; amnesty.
  • n. Indemnification, compensation, or remuneration for loss, damage, or injury sustained.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Security given against or exemption granted from damage, loss, injury, or punishment.
  • n. Indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury sustained; reimbursement.
  • n. In law, that which is given to a person who has assumed or is about to assume a responsibility at the request or for the benefit of another, in order to make good to him any loss or liability which has or may come upon him by so doing.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. legal exemption from liability for damages
  • n. protection against future loss
  • n. a sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury

Etymologies

Middle English indempnite, from Anglo-Norman, from Late Latin indemnitās, from Latin indemnis, uninjured; see indemnify.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French indemnité, from Late Latin indemnitas ("security from damage"), from Latin indemnis ("undamaged"), from in- ("not") + damnum ("damage"). (Wiktionary)

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