Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A lustrous, grayish-black, corrosive, poisonous halogen element having radioactive isotopes, especially I 131, used as a medical tracer and in thyroid disease diagnosis and therapy. Iodine compounds are used as germicides, antiseptics, and dyes. Atomic number 53; atomic weight 126.9045; melting point 113.5°C; boiling point 184.35°C; specific gravity (solid, at 20°C) 4.93; valence 1, 3, 5, 7. See Table at element.
  • n. An antiseptic preparation containing iodine in solution, used to treat wounds.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A chemical element (symbol: I) with an atomic number of 53; one of the halogens.
  • n. An antiseptic incorporating the element.
  • n. An iodide.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A nonmetallic element, of the halogen group of atomic number 53, occurring always in combination, as in the iodides. When isolated it is in the form of dark gray metallic scales, resembling plumbago, soft but brittle, and emitting a chlorinelike odor. Symbol I. Atomic weight 126.90. If heated, iodine volatilizes in beautiful violet vapors.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Chemical symbol, I; atomic weight, 126.9. In chem., a peculiar non-metallic elementary solid substance, forming one of the group of halogens.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
  • n. a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic

Etymologies

French iode, iodine (from Greek ioeidēs, violet-colored : ion, violet + -oeidēs, -oid) + -ine2.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From French iode, from Ancient Greek ἰοειδής ("violet") + -ine (Wiktionary)

Examples

Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.