from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To cause to experience shame, humiliation, or wounded pride; humiliate.
- transitive v. To discipline (one's body and physical appetites) by self-denial or self-inflicted privation.
- intransitive v. To practice ascetic discipline or self-denial of the body and its appetites.
- intransitive v. Pathology To undergo mortification; become gangrenous or necrosed.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- intransitive v. To lose vitality and organic structure, as flesh of a living body; to gangrene.
- intransitive v. To practice penance from religious motives; to deaden desires by religious discipline.
- intransitive v. To be subdued; to decay, as appetites, desires, etc.
- transitive v. To destroy the organic texture and vital functions of; to produce gangrene in.
- transitive v. To destroy the active powers or essential qualities of; to change by chemical action.
- transitive v. To deaden by religious or other discipline, as the carnal affections, bodily appetites, or worldly desires; to bring into subjection; to abase; to humble.
- transitive v. To affect with vexation, chagrin; to depress.
- transitive v. To humiliate deeply, especially by injuring the pride of; to embarrass painfully; to humble.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To destroy the life of; destroy the vitality of (a part of a living body); affect with gangrene.
- To deaden; render insensible; make apathetic.
- To reduce in strength or force; weaken.
- To subdue, restrain, reduce, or bring into subjection by abstinence or rigorous severities; bring under subjection by ascetic discipline or regimen; subject or restrain in any way, for moral or religious reasons.
- To humiliate; depress; affect with vexation or chagrin.
- In chem. and metallurgy, to destroy or diminish the active powers or characteristic qualities of.
- In Scots law, to dispose of by mortification. See mortification, 3.
- Synonyms To shame, chagrin. See mortification.
- To lose vitality and organic structure while yet a portion of the living body; become gangrenous.
- To become languid; fall into decay.
- To be subdued; die away: said of inordinate appetites, etc.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. hold within limits and control
- v. undergo necrosis
- v. practice self-denial of one's body and appetites
- v. cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of
The word mortify here is, literally, to make to die.
True politeness consists in making every body happy about you; and as to mortify is to render unhappy, it can be nothing but the worst of breeding.
The apostle is not satisfied with assuring them that they are under no obligations to the flesh, to hearken to its suggestions, without reminding them where it will end if they do; and he uses the word "mortify" (put to death) as a kind of play upon the word "die" just before.
"mortify," -- that is, extinguish and destroy all that force and vigour of corrupted nature which inclines to earthly, carnal things, opposite unto that spiritual, heavenly life and its actings which we have in and from Christ, as was before declared.
“ 'Yes,' she replied, 'but such as mortify me as much as they must pain you.
"'Yes,' she replied, 'but such as mortify me as much as they must pain you.
All I did that blessed, livelong day was to sweat and swelter in the sun, mortify my lean flesh upon the rock, gaze out of the desolation, resurrect old memories, dream dreams, and mutter my convictions aloud.
So is this where Opus Dei members mortify themselves to keep their minds off sex?
Life could not get any better for Giants fans, which will mortify Giants fans.
Armstrong was required to mortify her flesh with whips and wear a spiked chain around her arm.
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