American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Favoritism shown or patronage granted to relatives, as in business.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Favoritism shown to nephews and other relatives; patronage bestowed in consideration of family relationship and not of merit. The word was invented to characterize a propensity of the popes and other high ecclesiastics in the Roman Catholic Church to aggrandize their family by exorbitant grants or favors to nephews or relatives.
- n. The favoring of relatives or personal friends because of their relationship rather than because of their abilities.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Undue attachment to relations; favoritism shown to members of one's family; bestowal of patronage in consideration of relationship, rather than of merit or of legal claim.
- n. favoritism shown to relatives or close friends by those in power (as by giving them jobs)
- From Italian nepotismo, from Latin nepōs ("nephew"), a reference to the practice of popes appointing relatives (most often nephews) as cardinals during the Middle Ages and Renaissance. (Wiktionary)
- French népotisme, from Italian nepotismo, from nepote, nephew, from Latin nepōs, nepōt-; see nepōt- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The word nepotism is from the Latin word 'nepos', meaning "nephew" or "grandchild". shows up again. while: Biotrophic parasitism is an extremely common mode of life that has arisen independently many times in the course of evolution.”
“The term nepotism, although first showing up in the English language around 1669, took its meaning from the term cardinal-nephews which was the Popes practice of creating Cardinals from their family, usually nephews, as they were not supposed to have children of their own.”
“Sullivan produced a long list of people who had gotten jobs in Washington through such connections, and concluded, "All this nepotism is a worrisome sign that America's political class is becoming increasingly insular.”
“The modern definition of "nepotism" is simply favoritism based on kinship, but most people today use the term very narrowly, to mean hiring not just a relative but one who is grossly incompetent.”
“The term "nepotism" comes from the Italian nepote -- 'nephew.”
“But in fact, the word "nepotism" comes from the Italian of the 16th or 15th century, "nepotismo (ph)," or "nipotismo (ph).”
“Reality Check: Ethnic nepotism is literally another word for racism.”
“He hoped to marry the girl his mother had chosen for him and to procure a stable job in a society where shameless nepotism is the norm.”
“Accusations of pay to play politics and nepotism from the machine are laughable.”
“But in my experience, nepotism is much less of an issue in public sector compares to private sector. joe from Lowell says:”
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