Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The worship of or belief in more than one god.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The belief of the existence of many gods.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The doctrine of, or belief in, a plurality of gods.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Belief in more gods than one; the doctrine of a plurality of divine beings superior to man, and having part in the government of the world.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. belief in multiple Gods

Etymologies

French polythéisme, from Greek polutheos, polytheistic : polu-, poly- + theos, god; see dhēs- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From French polythéisme (ca. 1580), English from the early 17th century, a learned formation from poly- (πολύς (polús, "many")) and -theism (θεός (theós, "god")) (poly- +‎ theism). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Marie's point about gaining an extra arena of potential conflict (gods v. gods) with polytheism is an interesting one -- also interesting to see some people address the question of whether or not the religion (s) of the tale are true, within the context of the tale.

    MIND MELD: Gods by the Bushel

  • One of the advantages of polytheism is that it creates some flexibility.

    April 2009

  • It is a bit of a difficulty in polytheism to to rank the gods.

    soooo… « Love | Peace | Ohana

  • I would also join the Unitarian Universalists because one thing I worry about regarding polytheism is cultural appropriation of other people’s faiths.

    soooo… « Love | Peace | Ohana

  • By contrast, the idea of polytheism, or the worship of multiple deities -- whether practiced by Hindus, Buddhists, Africans, Greeks, Romans, or American Indians -- far from being a primitive theological throwback provides a much more credible explanation for the nature of the universe and the behavior of humankind.

    Robert Brustein: Monotonous Monotheism

  • I think most LDS folk would take issue with the notion of polytheism as well, since they have the same language in their creed that the Baptists use – but I would leave that up to LDS scholars.

    The missing missing links: a challenge - The Panda's Thumb

  • Whether that be so, or whether, as is now more generally believed, the polytheism is the aboriginal Indian plant into which the pantheistic idea has been grafted as communities have become brahmanised, the pantheistic idea very readily presents itself to the mind of the educated Hindu.

    New Ideas in India During the Nineteenth Century A Study of Social, Political, and Religious Developments

  • Galilee with theriomorphic polytheism, that is, the tendency to embody the qualities of divinity in animal forms.

    The Ancient East

  • After this, beginning with the third chapter, follows a criticism of polytheism, that is, the false theology of the barbarians,

    History of Dogma, Volume 2 (of 7)

  • This is the origin of all polytheism, which is, moreover, to some extent an imitation of Christian institutions.

    History of Dogma, Volume 2 (of 7)

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