from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- v. A past tense and a past participle of prove.
- adj. Having been demonstrated or verified without doubt: "a Soviet leader of proven shrewdness and prescience” ( Joyce Carol Oates). See Usage Note at prove.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Having been proved; having proved its value or truth.
- v. Past participle of prove
- v. Past participle of proove
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Proved: an improper form, lately growing in frequency, by imitation of the Scotch use in “not proven.”
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. established beyond doubt
From Scottish English, as past participle of preve, a Middle English variant of prove – compare woven (from weave) and cloven (from cleave), both of which feature -eve → -oven. preve died out in England, but survived in Scotland, where proven developed, initially in a legal context, as in “The jury ruled that the charges were not proven.” See usage notes for historical usage patterns. (Wiktionary)