Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A substance dissolved in another substance, usually the component of a solution present in the lesser amount.
  • adj. Being in solution; dissolved.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Loose; free; liberal
  • n. Any substance that is dissolved in a liquid solvent to create a solution
  • v. To dissolve.
  • v. To absolve.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Loose; free; liberal.
  • adj. Relaxed; hence; merry; cheerful.
  • adj. Soluble.
  • adj. Not adhering; loose; -- opposed to adnate.
  • transitive v. To dissolve; to resolve.
  • transitive v. To absolve.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Loose; free.
  • Relaxed; hence, joyous; merry.
  • In botany, free; not adhering; opposed to adnate: as, a solute stipule.
  • Soluble: as. a solute salt.
  • To dissolve; also, to resolve; answer; absolve.
  • n. The substance dissolved in a given solution: as, a solution is composed of solvent and solute.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the dissolved matter in a solution; the component of a solution that changes its state

Etymologies

From Middle English, loose, porous, from Latin solūtus, past participle of solvere, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin solutus. (Wiktionary)

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