American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of various butterflies of the genus Colias and related genera of the family Pieridae, having yellow or orange wings marked with black.
- n. Variant of sulfur.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Chemical symbol, S; atomic weight, 31.98. An elementary substance which occurs in nature as a brittle crystalline solid, with resinous luster, almost tasteless, and emitting when rubbed or warmed a peculiar characteristic odor. It is a non-conductor of electricity. Its specific gravity is 2.05. It is insoluble in water, nearly so in alcohol and in ether, but quite soluble in carbon disulphid, petroleum, benzin, etc. It burns in the air with a blue flame, and is oxidized to sulphur dioxid or sulphurous acid. It melts at 238° F., and boils at 824° F., giving off a dense red vapor. Sulphur exists in two distinct crystalline forms, and also as an amorphous variety; these modifications are characterized by differences in specific gravity, in solubility in various liquids, and in many other respects. Between its melting-point and 280° F. it is most fluid, and when cast in wooden molds it forms the stick-sulphur or brimstone of commerce. Between 430° and 480° it becomes much less liquid, and can with difficulty be poured. If poured into water, it forms a ductile mass called
plastic sulphur, which may be used for taking impressions of coins, etc. On standing it becomes hard and brittle. From 480° to its boiling-point it is liquid again. Sulphur occurs in great abundance and purity in the neighborhood of active and extinct volcanoes. As an article of commerce, most of it is brought from Sicily. It is also widely distributed in combination with other elements, chiefly in the form of sulphates and sulphids. and it is now extensively obtained from the native sulphids of iron and copper for use in the manufacture of sulphuric acid. It also occurs sparingly in animal and vegetable tissues. Sulphur combines with oxygen, hydrogen, chlorin, etc., to form important compounds, of great use in the arts. It is used in the pure state extensively in the manufacture of gunpowder and matches, and for vulcanizing rubber. Refined sulphur, prepared by sublimation from the crude substance, is used in medicine as a laxative, diaphoretic, and resolvent; it is also largely employed in skin-diseases, both internally and externally. From the sixteenth to the eighteenth century casts or copies of antique gems were frequently made by pouring into a mold melted sulphur colored with metallic oxids.
- n. The supposed substance of lightning.
- n. In zoology, one of many different pieridine butterflies: a yellow pierian. These butterflies are of some shade of yellow, blanching to nearly white, or deepening to orange, and more or less marked with black. They represent several genera. Colias philodice of the United States is the clouded sulphur; Callidryas eubule is the cloudless sulphur. The former is one of the commonest of North American butterflies, often seen in flocks along roads, settling about mud-puddles and other moist spots. Its larva feeds upon clover. See cuts under Colias, Pieris, and cabbage-butterfly.
- Of the color of brimstone, or stick-sulphur; of a very greenish, excessively luminous, and highly chromatic yellow: used in zoölogy in many obvious compounds: as, sulphur-bellied; sulphur-crested. A color-disk of two thirds bright chrome-yellow and one third emerald-green gives a somewhat dull sulphur-yellow.
- To apply sulphur to; also, to fume with sulphur;, sulphurate.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Chem.) A nonmetallic element occurring naturally in large quantities, either combined as in the sulphides (as
pyrites) and sulphates (as gypsum), or native in volcanic regions, in vast beds mixed with gypsum and various earthy materials, from which it is melted out. Symbol S. Atomic weight 32. The specific gravity of ordinary octohedral sulphur is 2.05; of prismatic sulphur, 1.96.
- n. (Zoöl.) Any one of numerous species of yellow or orange butterflies of the subfamily
- v. treat with sulphur in order to preserve
- n. an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions)
- Short for sulphur butterfly. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“As the condensing chamber becomes warm, the sulphur collects as a liquid in it, and is drawn off into cylindrical molds, the product being called _roll sulphur_ or _brimstone_.”
“Is not this effect nearly similar to that produced by the combination of phosphorus and sulphur, or, more properly speaking, the _phosphuret of sulphur_?”
“At such times I could see his villanous face plainly, and, when the sulphur from the matches irritated his lungs, between the raspy cough that followed and the clammy mud in which I was lying, I confess I shivered harder than ever.”
“Don't you love those creatures that live at the bottom of the ocean, under incredible pressures and temperatures, feeding on the sulphur from a volcanic outflow?”
“The oil that Iran produces is very low grade (high in sulphur), which is why they import quite a bit of what they use.”
“The US and Europe are both moving to low sulphur fuels for emissions reasons, but sulphur is a beneficial ingredient for the engine.”
“The rocks at the Yukaton are very very rich in sulphur and close to the surface.”
“Over the long term sulphur emissions decline in both scenarios throughout the world, but the timing and magnitude vary.”
“For, if we first use perhydrol as oxidizing agent in alkaline solution and then acidify with nitric acid, sulphur is not precipitated and fully correct results are obtained.”
“The proteins are built up from so-called amino acids, and their sulphur is due to the presence of one or two sulphur-containing amino acids: cystine and methionine.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘sulphur’.
Words about beer and the making of it.
A list of words that are odd or words that I have looked up.
All these terms have a (different) American English equivalent. Wonder if you can identify them?
includes words of the "Prodcom list"
Buzzwords of our time
Words used quite often in steampunk
This list is a blatant rip-off, and I don't care. :-P I fudged a bit, including names of some ghost towns that may or may not still exist. Because ghost towns are freakin' awesome.
Names and spellings formerly used for elements. Not entirely complete because I refuse to take notice of some of the sillier ones.
Looking for tweets for sulphur.