from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An infectious disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis that chiefly affects rodents but can also be transmitted to humans through the bite of various insects or contact with infected animals. In humans, the disease is characterized by intermittent fever and swelling of the lymph nodes. Also called rabbit fever.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An infectious disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
Molecular biologist Siro Trevisanato from Ontario, Canada, suggests that this may be a reference to a disease called tularemia which infects sheep, donkeys, rabbits, and human beings, and that it is the first instance of biological warfare in recorded history.
Plague, tularemia, which is also known as rabbit fever, and anthrax, they exist naturally.
In the 1960s, Mr. Patrick led the highly classified weaponization of tularemia, a disease he considered superior to anthrax as a biological agent because of its potency.
Under Mr. Patrick's direction, scientists at Fort Detrick developed a tularemia agent that, if disseminated by airplane, could cause casualties and sickness over thousands of square miles, according to tests carried out by the U.S. government.
William C. Patrick III, 84, one of the chief scientists at the Army Biological Warfare Laboratories at Fort Detrick and who was responsible for overseeing the military's top-secret weaponization of some of the world's deadliest diseases, including anthrax and tularemia, died of bladder cancer Oct. 1 at Citizens Nursing Home in Frederick.
Antibiotics: Recently HHS said it had awarded a small biotech firm $27 million to develop an antibiotic that could be used against bioterror threats, plague and tularemia, and also against antibiotic-resistant infections.
Despite his grim subject matter, Mr. Patrick was a happy bioweaponeer and liked to shock people he was consulting for by releasing a puff of weapons-grade dust in their presence — minus the anthrax or tularemia bacilli it was designed to carry.
In 1968, 42 trappers and fur dealers from 11 to 82 years of age contacted tularemia (rabbit fever) from muskrats trapped in Addison County, Vermont?
A second reason is that rabbits and hares may be infected with a bacillus Bacterium tularense that is similar to the plague bacillus and causes the disease tularemia in humans.
Through an unknown cause, tularemia broke out, and thousands of soldiers died of this disease.31
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