Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A covered walk with an open colonnade on one side, running along the walls of buildings that face a quadrangle.
  • n. A place, especially a monastery or convent, devoted to religious seclusion.
  • n. Life in a monastery or convent.
  • n. A secluded, quiet place.
  • transitive v. To shut away from the world in or as if in a cloister; seclude.
  • transitive v. To furnish (a building) with a cloister.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A covered walk with an open colonnade on one side, running along the walls of buildings that face a quadrangle; especially:
  • n. A place, especially a monastery or convent, devoted to religious seclusion.
  • n. The monastic life
  • v. To become a Roman Catholic religious.
  • v. To confine in a cloister, voluntarily or not.
  • v. To deliberately withdraw from worldly things.
  • v. To provide with (a) cloister(s).
  • v. To protect or isolate.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. An inclosed place.
  • n. A covered passage or ambulatory on one side of a court
  • n. A monastic establishment; a place for retirement from the world for religious duties.
  • transitive v. To confine in, or as in, a cloister; to seclude from the world; to immure.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An inclosure.
  • n. An arched way or a covered walk running round the walls of certain portions of monastic and collegiate buildings.
  • n. Hence A place of religious retirement; a monastery; a convent; a nunnery; a religious house.
  • n. Any arcade or colonnade round an open court.
  • To confine in a cloister or convent.
  • To shut up; confine closely within walls; immure; shut up in retirement from the world.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. surround with a cloister
  • n. residence that is a place of religious seclusion (such as a monastery)
  • v. seclude from the world in or as if in a cloister
  • n. a courtyard with covered walks (as in religious institutions)
  • v. surround with a cloister, as of a garden

Etymologies

Middle English cloistre, from Old French, alteration (influenced by cloison, partition) of clostre, from Latin claustrum, enclosed place, from claudere, to close.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Recorded since c.1300, directly from Old French cloistre, clostre or via Old English clauster, both from Medieval Latin claustrum "portion of monastery closed off to laity," from Latin claustrum, "place shut in, bar, bolt, enclosure", a noun use of the past participle (neutral inflection) of claudere ‘to close’. (Wiktionary)

Examples

Comments

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  • О, е�?ли б был �?
    тихий,
    как гром,-
    ныл бы,
    дрожью объ�?л бы земли одр�?хлевший �?кит.
    Я е�?ли в�?ей его мощью
    выреву голо�? огромный,-
    кометы залом�?т гор�?щие руки,
    бро�?а�?�?ь вниз �? то�?ки.

    If only I were
    quiet
    as thunder-
    I would whimper
    and, trembling, embrace earth's decrepit cloister.
    If I outroar in an enormous voice
    with all the power of thunder-
    comets will wring their burning hands,
    and fling themselves down in despair.

    - V. Mayakovsky, 'Себе любимому по�?вещает �?ти �?троки автор
    To His Beloved Self, the Author Dedicates these Lines'.

    October 15, 2008