American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of or relating to ancient Etruria or its people, language, or culture.
- n. A native or inhabitant of ancient Etruria.
- n. The extinct language of the Etruscans, of unknown linguistic affiliation.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining or relating to Etruria, an ancient country in central Italy, bordering on the part of the Mediterranean called the Tyrrhenian sea, between Latium and Liguria (including modern Tuscany), or to its inhabitants, and especially to their civilization and art. These, before Hellenic influence was actually felt in Etruria, resembled in many ways those of primitive Greece. Compare
- An epithet erroneously applied to Greek painted vases. This application, originating in the eighteenth century, before the study of archæology had made much advance, is still in use among persons whose ideas about these subjects are obtained from books. Wedgwood had this use in mind when he named his works Etruria.
- n. An inhabitant of Etruria; a member of the primitive race of ancient Etruria. The Etruscans were distinguished ethnologically from all neighboring races, and their affinities are unknown, though there were similar people in ancient Rhætia, Thrace, etc. They called themselves Rasena, and the Greeks called them Tyrrhenians, between which and Etruscans there is probably a philological connection. See
- n. The language of the Etruscans, which from its few remains appears to have been unlike any other known tongue. It was spoken by many people in Italy outside of Etruria, till gradually superseded by Oscan and Latin; but a form of it continued in use in Rhætia (the Grisons and Tyrol) several centuries longer.
- adj. Of or pertaining to the region and culture of Etruria, a pre-Roman civilization in Italy.
- n. An inhabitant of ancient Etruria.
- n. The extinct language of Etruria, which has no known relation to any other language.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Of or relating to Etruria.
- n. a native or inhabitant of ancient Etruria; the Etruscans influenced the Romans (who had suppressed them by about 200 BC)
- From Latin Etruscus + -an. (Wiktionary)
“Slide 18: ETRUSCAN TAKEOVER • Latium attracted the Etruscans because control of region would give them a direct overland route between Etruria and the cities of Campagna - Etruscan overlords took control of the Septimontium in the mid-500s BC - Domination began with the appearance of adventurers with small contingents of supporters • Gained chieftainship of villages through their superiority in arms and the glamour of their advanced culture • Rome would be controlled for the next 100 years by Etruscan adventurers - Tarquin the Elder, Tarquin the Proud, Servius Tullius, and Lars Porsenna”
“It would be like the army fast tracking someone to command an SAS troop because they had a really nice degree in Etruscan pottery!”
“The exhibit will remain open until 2 March, after which the Euphronius Vase will be moved to its permanent home in National Etruscan Museum at the Villa Giulia in Rome.”
“I'm still hesitant about attributing the Etruscan word to the Greek word, simply because it requires me to assume a lot.”
“Recent discoveries have proved beyond a doubt that the making of lace was practiced by the Lake Dwellers; fragments of drawn work have also been found in Etruscan tombs and wrapped about Egyptian mummies, and specimens come as well from the savage tribes of”
“The Etruscan scarabæus is found in different parts of Italy, quite frequently at Chiusi, in Tuscany, which was formerly ancient Etruria; from whence, the name Etruscan for those found in this part of Italy, has been derived.”
“They’re Swiss, their name is a word in Etruscan, and some of their vocals are in Gaulish (the rest in English).”
“He informed me that the "offending" blog entry in question is Some observations concerning Woodard's The Ancient Languages of Europe and pertains to my "shame" in calling the Etruscan f a "bilabial fricative".”
“Today, I'm just making a brief note about yet another tiny detail that irks me about the common (mis)analysis of the Piacenza Liver (that is, the Etruscan artefact cast in bronze modelling a sheep's liver for the purposes of rather idiosyncratic divination, for those yet unfamiliar).”
“I just found damningly conclusive proof now that Losna is indeed falsely identified as Etruscan as I asserted above.”
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