from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A radical or extreme leftist.
- n. A radical republican during the French Revolution.
- n. A Dominican friar.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A Dominican friar.
- n. A member of a radical French political club founded (at an old Jacobin convent) in 1789 and one of the driving forces of the French Revolution.
- n. By extension, a political radical.
- n. A breed of domestic pigeon (known for its feathered hood over its head).
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A Dominican friar; -- so named because, before the French Revolution, that order had a convent in the Rue St. Jacques, Paris.
- n. One of a society of violent agitators in France, during the revolution of 1789, who held secret meetings in the Jacobin convent in the Rue St. Jacques, Paris, and concerted measures to control the proceedings of the National Assembly. Hence: A plotter against an existing government; a turbulent demagogue.
- n. A fancy pigeon, in which the feathers of the neck form a hood, -- whence the name. The wings and tail are long, and the beak moderately short.
- adj. Same as jacobinic.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In France, a black or Dominican friar: so called from the church of St. Jacques (Jacobus), in which they were first established in Paris. See Dominican.
- n. A member of a club or society of French revolutionists organized in 1789 under the name of Society of Friends of the Constitution, and called Jacobins from the Jacobin convent in Paris in which they met.
- n. Hence A violently radical politician; one who favors extreme measures in behalf of popular government; a radical democrat: formerly much used, often inappropriately, as a term of reproach in English and American polities.
- n. [lowercase] An artificial variety of tho domestic pigeon, whose neck-feathers form a hood.
- n. [I. c.] In ornithology, a humming-bird of the genus Heliothrix, as H. auritus.
- Same as Jacobinic.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a member of the radical movement that instituted the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution
Middle English, Dominican friar, from French, from Old French (frere) jacobin (translation of Medieval Latin (frāter) Iacōbīnus, Jacobinic brother, from Iacōbus, James, after the church of Saint Jacques in Paris, near which the friars built their first convent). Sense 2, from the fact that the Jacobins first met in the convent.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French Jacobin, ultimately from Latin Jacōbus ("Jacob"). (Wiktionary)