Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Hinduism One of the principal Hindu deities, worshiped as the destroyer and restorer of worlds and in numerous other forms. Shiva is often conceived as a member of the triad also including Brahma and Vishnu.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. Together with Brahma and Vishnu, one of the principal deities in Hinduism. Within Shaivism he is viewed as the Supreme deity, whereas in other branches of Hinduism such as the Smarta tradition he is worshipped as one of the six manifestations of the Divine.
  • proper n. A male given name used in India.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Same as Siva.
  • n. Among the orthodox Jews, the period of mourning for a parent, brother, sister, husband, or wife, consisting of seven days. At the burial the principal mourners tear their garments; afterward they retire to their homes, take off their shoes, and sit upon the floor for seven days, spending the time in prayer and liturgical exercises.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the destroyer; one of the three major divinities in the later Hindu pantheon
  • n. (Judaism) a period of seven days of mourning after the death of close relative

Etymologies

Sanskrit śivaḥ, from śiva-, auspicious, dear.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Sanskrit शिव (Śivá, "the auspicious one"). (Wiktionary)

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