from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Primitive, old-fashioned, opposed to change (in allusion to the now extinct species Homo neanderthalensis).
- n. A primitive person or a person with old-fashioned ideas or who opposes change.
- n. A specimen of the now extinct species Homo neanderthalensis.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. uncouth in manners or appearance.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. ill-mannered and coarse and contemptible in behavior or appearance
- adj. relating to or belonging to or resembling Neanderthal man
- n. extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia
From the name of the German valley where Neanderthal 1 was discovered in 1856. The Düsseltal (from German Düssel, a small tributary of the River Rhine + tal ("valley")) itself was renamed (from Das Gesteins ("The Rockiness") and/or Das Hundsklipp ("The Cliff of Dogs")) in the early 19th century to Neandershöhle ("Neander’s Hollow"), and again in 1850 to Neanderthal ("Neander Valley"); both names were in honour of the German Calvinist theologian and hymn writer Joachim Neander (1650–1680). The surname Neander is a Romanisation of the Greek translation of the original German surname Neumann ("New man"), for which reason Homo neanderthalensis is sometimes called New man in English. (Wiktionary)