Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Primitive, old-fashioned, opposed to change (in allusion to the now extinct species Homo neanderthalensis).
  • n. A primitive person or a person with old-fashioned ideas or who opposes change.
  • n. A specimen of the now extinct species Homo neanderthalensis.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. uncouth in manners or appearance.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. ill-mannered and coarse and contemptible in behavior or appearance
  • adj. relating to or belonging to or resembling Neanderthal man
  • n. extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia

Etymologies

From the name of the German valley where Neanderthal 1 was discovered in 1856. The Düsseltal (from German Düssel, a small tributary of the River Rhine + tal ("valley")) itself was renamed (from Das Gesteins ("The Rockiness") and/or Das Hundsklipp ("The Cliff of Dogs")) in the early 19th century to Neandershöhle ("Neander’s Hollow"), and again in 1850 to Neanderthal ("Neander Valley"); both names were in honour of the German Calvinist theologian and hymn writer Joachim Neander (1650–1680). The surname Neander is a Romanisation of the Greek translation of the original German surname Neumann ("New man"), for which reason Homo neanderthalensis is sometimes called New man in English. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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  • From 1674-1679, Joachim Neander was a school principal and preacher in a valley near Dusseldof, Germany, which had numerous caves, grottos and waterfalls. He wrote many church hymns there, and in the 19th century, the entire valley was called the Neander Valley (in German, Neanderthal). Thus Joachim Neander the distinction of being the only hymnist with a fossil homind named after him, "The Neanderthal Man!"

    June 26, 2009