American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The minimal number of officers and members of a committee or organization, usually a majority, who must be present for valid transaction of business.
- n. A select group.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In England, those justices of the peace whose presence is necessary to constitute a bench. Among the justices of the peace it was formerly customary to name some eminent for knowledge and prudence to be of the quorum; but the distinction is now practically obsolete, and all justices are generally “of the quorum.”
- n. The number of members of any constituted body of persons whose presence at or participation in a meeting is required to render its proceedings valid, or to enable it to transact business legally. If no special rule exists, a majority of the members is a quorum; but in a body of considerable size the quorum may by rule be much less than a majority, or in a smaller one much more. Forty members constitute a quorum or “house” in the British House of Commons.
- n. Requisite materials.
- n. The minimum number of members required for a group to officially conduct business and to cast votes, often but not necessarily a majority or supermajority.
- n. A selected body of persons.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Such a number of the officers or members of any body as is competent by law or constitution to transact business
- n. a gathering of the minimal number of members of an organization to conduct business
- From Latin quōrum, genitive plural form of quī ("who, which"), used as standard wording in written commissions. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, quorum of justices of the peace, from Latin quōrum, of whom (from the wording of a commission naming certain persons as members of a body), genitive pl. of quī, who. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Two things: An ‘old-fashioned’ filibuster requires not only the filibuterer to speak, but at least 49 filibusterees to be in the chamber listening, else the speaker suggests the absence of a quorum, and can take a break while a quorum is assembled.”
“They've been to what they call a quorum call for some time now, trying to figure it out.”
“You did have what we call a quorum, more than half where they are voting.”
“The term quorum shall not apply to such gatherings. ”
“This means that the body has to stop what its doing and quickly check if a quorum is present, which for the Senate is a simple majority.”
“Since a quorum is 50 Senators or more, that means Senators who want to prevent a vote have to maintain 17 Senators close enough to get to the floor to vote 24/7.”
“Mr. President, I yield the floor and I make a point of order that a quorum is not present.”
“But, if no one objects, then the presence of a quorum is presumed, even though anyone with two eyes can see that not enough people are present.”
“Furthermore, the fact that a quorum is required by the Constitution for business to be conducted implies that a sufficient number of specific members must give specific agreement to specific bills for them to go to the President.”
“She apparently didn't know what a quorum is either.”
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