Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The study of the rules whereby words or other elements of sentence structure are combined to form grammatical sentences.
  • n. A publication, such as a book, that presents such rules.
  • n. The pattern of formation of sentences or phrases in a language.
  • n. Such a pattern in a particular sentence or discourse.
  • n. Computer Science The rules governing the formation of statements in a programming language.
  • n. A systematic, orderly arrangement.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A set of rules that govern how words are combined to form phrases and sentences.
  • n. The formal rules of formulating the statements of a computer language.
  • n. The study of the structure of phrases, sentences and language.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Connected system or order; union of things; a number of things jointed together; organism.
  • n. That part of grammar which treats of the construction of sentences; the due arrangement of words in sentences in their necessary relations, according to established usage in any language.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Connected system or order; union of things.
  • n. In grammar, the construction of sentences; the due forming and arrangement of words or members of sentences in their mutual relations according to established usage.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
  • n. studies of the rules for forming admissible sentences
  • n. a systematic orderly arrangement

Etymologies

French syntaxe, from Late Latin syntaxis, from Greek suntaxis, from suntassein, to put in order : sun-, syn- + tassein, tag-, to arrange.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Ancient Greek σύνταξις (suntaksis), from σύν (sun, "together") + τάξις (taksis, "arrangement"), from τάσσω (tassō, "I arrange"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

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