American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adv. By word of mouth: a report submitted viva voce; a viva voce examination.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. By word of mouth; orally. It is sometimes used attributively: as, a viva voce vote.
GNU Webster's 1913
- By word of mouth; orally.
- adv. orally.
- n. an examination conducted by spoken communication
- adj. expressed orally
- From Latin vīvā ("living") and vocē ("voice") (ablative of vōx). (Wiktionary)
- Medieval Latin vīvā vōce, with the living voice : Latin vīvā, feminine ablative sing. of vīvus, living + Latin vōce, ablative of vōx, voice. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The practice of the Church in the earliest ages, as shown by the ancient custom, going back to Apostolic times, of giving the catechumens (katechoumenoi from katechein, viva voce instruere) a verbal instruction in the articles of faith and of directing them, shortly before baptism, to make a public recitation of the Apostles ”
“But even the meal was a long and stiff viva voce examination in Servian.”
“He was turning this into an all-too-public viva voce exam.”
“By July 28 he was home again in time for an examiners 'meeting at the London University the next day, and a viva voce in physiology on the 4th August, before going to Scotland to serve on the Fishery Commission.”
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