from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adv. By word of mouth: a report submitted viva voce; a viva voce examination.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. By word of mouth.
  • adv. By word of mouth.
  • n. An oral examination.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • By word of mouth; orally.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. By word of mouth; orally. It is sometimes used attributively: as, a viva voce vote.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. expressed orally
  • adv. orally
  • n. an examination conducted by spoken communication


Medieval Latin vīvā vōce, with the living voice : Latin vīvā, feminine ablative sing. of vīvus, living + Latin vōce, ablative of vōx, voice.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin vīvā ("living") and vocē ("voice") (ablative of vōx). (Wiktionary)


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