from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A country of southwest Asia. Site of a number of ancient Mesopotamian civilizations, including Sumer, Akkad, Assyria, and Babylonia, the region fell to Cyrus the Great of Persia (6th century B.C.), Alexander the Great (4th century B.C.), Arabs (7th century), and later to the Ottoman Turks (16th century). It was established as an independent kingdom in 1921 and became a republic after the assassination (1958) of Faisal II. Baghdad is the capital and largest city. Population: 27,500,000.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. Country in Mesopotamia that borders on Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Turkey. Official name: Republic of Iraq.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Possibly from Sumerian “Uruk” or “Warka” (Biblical “Erech”) region in the south of ancient Iraq. Medieval Arabic uses ‘Iraq’ as a geographical term for the area in the south and center of the modern Iraq. Some Arabic sources say that Iraq comes from عريق (ʕaríːq, "deep-rooted"), from عرق (ʕirq, "root"), while others say it is from Middle Persian's erāq ("lowlands"), due to historic rule from Iraq's plateau-situated neighbor, Persia. (Wiktionary)