Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A monovalent radical, such as ethyl or propyl, having the general formula CnH2n+1.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any of a series of univalent radicals of the general formula CnH2n+1 derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A generic name applied to any alcohol radical, such as methyl (CH3), ethyl (C2H5), propyl (C3H7), etc.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. any of a series of univalent groups of the general formula CnH2n+1 derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons

Etymologies

German Alkohol, alcohol (from Medieval Latin alcohol, antimony; see alcohol) + -yl.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • Indeed, the contamination, such as alkyl mercury and dioxins, commonly found with DHA production from marine fishes, stimulated us to search for new ways to produce worry-free DHA.

    FinanzNachrichten.de: Aktuelle Empfehlungen

  • I can find no legitimate references to the use of metallic, inorganic, or organic silver compounds as a sanitizer, disinfectant, or sterilizing agent. quaternary ammonium chloride compounds - Mixtures of compounds such as alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride, didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, dioctyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, and octyl decyl dimethyl ammonium chloride are very commonly used as surface sanitizer; if you look at your household cleaners that claim disinfecting properties, there's a high percentage chance that you'll find a "quat".

    Question ;Microdyne

  • Two semesters of organic chemistry later, I decided that medicine is best left to those that don't mix up alkyl halide reactions.

    Lesley Ryder: After Hamilton, Chasing a Dream

  • The Gujarat refinery, which commissioned Indian Oil's first petrochemical plant that makes linear alkyl benzene, used in detergents, is considering setting up a paraxylene and purified teraphthalic acid plant, which is used to make polyester.

    Indian Oil to Expand Refining Capacity

  • This provided evidence that alkyl mercury penetrates the placental barrier in humans.

    Materials flow of mercury in the economies of the United States and the world

  • The type of mercury in vaccines, ethylmercury, is a short chain alkyl mercury compund.

    CA Study Cites Chemicals in the Home as Possible Autism Trigger

  • Treated with caustic soda (found in lye) and sulfuric acid, alkyl benzene helps detergent penetrate soiled clothing more effectively than soap.

    Household Appliances

  • The active ingredient in detergent is the petrochemical alkyl benzene.

    Household Appliances

  • Listed are several of these oxidizing reactions. alcohol dehydrogenation aldehyde dehydrogenation alkyl/acyclic hydroxylation aromatic hydroxylation deamination desulfuration

    Biotransformation

  • The hydroxyl always extracts a single hydrogen from the butane, which gives water, and an alkyl radical that immediately reacts with oxygen, and under smog conditions goes through a series of reactions that lead to either buteraldehyde, if the primary carbon was involved, or methyl ethyl ketone MEK if the secondary carbon was involved.

    Archive 2008-02-01

Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.