American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Anatomy Either of a pair of bones of the human skull fusing in the midline and forming the upper jaw.
- n. A homologous bone of the skull in other vertebrates.
- n. Either of two laterally moving appendages situated behind the mandibles in insects and most other arthropods.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In anatomy and zoology: A jaw or jaw-bone; a maxillary bone; especially, a bone of the upper jaw, as distinguished from the mandible. When the term is applied to both jaw-bones, they are distinguished as maxilla superior and maxilla inferior, the supramaxillary and inframaxillary bones.
- n. Specifically, the supramaxillary bone proper, as distinguished from the premaxillary or intermaxillary, which is often fused therewith in the higher vertebrates.
- n. In entomology, as in insects and arachnidans, one of the second pair of gnathites; either one, right and left, of the second or lower pair of horizontal jaws, next behind or below the mandibles. In the maxillæ, thus forming the under jaw of insects, may be distinguished several parts, as the basal joint or cardo, the footstalk or stipes, the palp-bearer or palpiger, and the blade or lacinia. See cuts under Hymenoptera, Insecta, and Brenthus.
- n. In Crustacea, the right or left one of either of the two pairs of gnathites which come next after the mandibles, between these and the maxillipeds. The maxillæ of a crustacean thus correspond to those of an insect, but there is an additional pair of them.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Now commonly used in this restricted sense., Now commonly used in this restricted sense. The bone of either the upper or the under jaw.
- n. Now commonly used in this restricted sense. The bone, or principal bone, of the upper jaw, the bone of the lower jaw being the
- n. (Zoöl.) One of the lower or outer jaws of arthropods.
- n. the jaw in vertebrates that is fused to the cranium
- From Latin maxilla ("jaw"), a diminutive of māla ("jaw"). (Wiktionary)
- Latin, jawbone. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“I'm going to say the small skull behind it is a raccoon skull minus the mandible, but its hard to tell from this angle as the maxilla is shortened due to the angle.”
“The TMJ is the joint between the upper jaw (called the maxilla) and the lower one (mandible) that purposely dislocates itself with every bite to increase your chewing force.”
“Hood: of the maxilla is the galena; q.v.: in Tingitidae the elevated portion of the prothorax, often covering the head.”
“Opposite the second molar tooth of the maxilla is a papilla, on the summit of which is the aperture of the parotid duct.”
“About 1 cm. in front of the hamulus and 1 cm. medial to the last molar tooth of the maxilla is the greater palatine foramen through which the descending palatine vessels and the anterior palatine nerve emerge.”
“Bienvenu said Lowery's injuries included a fractured bone in his upper jaw, called the maxilla, along with fractured teeth and a concussion.”
“Researchers hypothesized that epidermal outgrowths on the upper maxilla of these male fish aka fish-staches may be a sexually selected characteristic.”
“In one fluid motion, her maxilla gathered in the severed head and guided it into her labium.”
“Oh, and I read "An Enigmatic New Lambeosaurine Hadrosaur (Reptilia: Dinosauria) from the Upper Shale Member of the Campanian Aguja Formation of Trans-Pecos Texas," a weird beast named Angulomastacator daviesi, known thus far only from its boomerang-shaped maxilla bone.”
“The operation was carried out by a multidisciplinary team led by Dr Joan Pere Barret, performing the transplant of the entire facial skin and muscles, nose, lips, maxilla, palate, all teeth, cheekbones, and the mandible by means of plastic surgery and micro-neurovascular reconstructive surgery techniques.”
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