from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A solemn, formal declaration or promise to fulfill a pledge, often calling on God, a god, or a sacred object as witness.
- n. The words or formula of such a declaration or promise.
- n. Something declared or promised.
- n. An irreverent or blasphemous use of the name of God or something held sacred.
- n. An imprecation; a curse.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A solemn pledge or promise to a god, king, or another person, to attest to the truth of a statement or contract
- n. the affirmed statement or promise accepted as equivalent to an oath
- n. A light or insulting use of a solemn pledge or promise to a god, king or another person, to attest to the truth of a statement or contract the name of a deity in a profanity, as in swearing oaths
- n. a curse
- n. An affirmation of the truth of a statement.
- v. To pledge.
- v. Shouting out. (as in 'oathing obsenities')
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A solemn affirmation or declaration, made with a reverent appeal to God for the truth of what is affirmed.
- n. A solemn affirmation, connected with a sacred object, or one regarded as sacred, as the temple, the altar, the blood of Abel, the Bible, the Koran, etc.
- n. An appeal (in verification of a statement made) to a superior sanction, in such a form as exposes the party making the appeal to an indictment for perjury if the statement be false.
- n. A careless and blasphemous use of the name of the divine Being, or anything divine or sacred, by way of appeal or as a profane exclamation or ejaculation; an expression of profane swearing.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A solemn appeal to the Supreme Being in attestation of the truth of some statement or the binding character of some covenant, undertaking, or promise; an outward pledge that one's testimony or promise is given under an immediate sense of responsibility to God.
- n. The form of words in which such attestation is made.
- n. A light or blasphemous use of the name of the Divine Being, or of anything associated with the more sacred matters of religion, by way of appeal, imprecation, or ejaculation.
- n. Loosely — An ejaculation similar in form to an oath, but in which the name of God or of anything sacred is not used.
- n. An imprecation, differing from a curse in its less formal and more exclamatory character: it may be humorous, or even affectionate, among rude and free-living men.
- n. An exclamatory word or phrase, usually without appropriateness to the subject in hand, expressing surprise, and generally displeasure, though sometimes even approval or admiration.
- To make to take an oath; put to the oath.
- To use as an oath; swear by.
- To call, speak to, or curse with an oath.
- To swear; use oaths.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a commitment to tell the truth (especially in a court of law); to lie under oath is to become subject to prosecution for perjury
- n. a solemn promise, usually invoking a divine witness, regarding your future acts or behavior
- n. profane or obscene expression usually of surprise or anger
Middle English oth, from Old English āth.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English ooth, oth, ath, from Old English āþ ("oath"), from Proto-Germanic *aiþaz (“oath”), from Proto-Indo-European *oyt- (“oath”). Cognate with Scots aith, athe ("oath"), North Frisian ith, iss ("oath"), West Frisian eed ("oath"), Dutch eed ("oath"), German Eid ("oath"), Swedish ed ("oath"), Icelandic eið ("oath"), Latin ūtor ("use, employ, avail"), Old Irish óeth ("oath"). (Wiktionary)