from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. See sulfuric acid.
- n. Any of various sulfates of metals, such as ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, or copper sulfate.
- n. Bitterly abusive feeling or expression.
- transitive v. To expose or subject to vitriol.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. sulphuric acid and various metal sulphates
- n. bitterly abusive language
- v. to subject someone to bitter verbal abuse
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt. So called on account of the glassy appearance or luster.
- n. Sulphuric acid; -- called also oil of vitriol. So called because first made by the distillation of green vitriol. See Sulphuric acid, under sulphuric.
- transitive v. To dip in dilute sulphuric acid; to pickle.
- transitive v. To vitriolize.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To cleanse from grease, dirt, or loose oxid scale on a metal surface by dipping in a bath of dilute sulphuric acid; pickle.
- n. Sulphuric acid, or one of many of its compounds, which in certain states have a glassy appearance.
- n. Ferric sulphate: same as colcothar. Also called vitriol of Mars.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will
- n. (H2SO4) a highly corrosive acid made from sulfur dioxide; widely used in the chemical industry
- v. expose to the effects of vitriol or injure with vitriol
- v. subject to bitter verbal abuse
Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin vitriolum, from Late Latin vitreolum, neuter of vitreolus, of glass, from Latin vitreus; see vitreous.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin vitriolum ("sulphuric acid"), from Latin vitrum ("glass"). (Wiktionary)