Definitions

from The Century Dictionary.

  • See partizan, partizan.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun An adherent to a party or faction; esp., one who is strongly and passionately devoted to a party or an interest.
  • noun The commander of a body of detached light troops engaged in making forays and harassing an enemy.
  • noun Any member of such a corps.
  • adjective Adherent to a party or faction; especially, having the character of blind, passionate, or unreasonable adherence to a party.
  • adjective (Mil.) Serving as a partisan in a detached command.
  • adjective (Mil.) a member of a partisan corps.
  • noun A kind of halberd or pike; also, a truncheon; a staff.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun historical A spear with a triangular, double-edged blade.
  • noun obsolete A soldier armed with such a weapon.
  • noun An adherent to a party or faction.
  • noun A fervent, sometimes militant, supporter or proponent of a party, cause, faction, person, or idea.
  • noun A guerilla fighter; a member of detached light troops acting behind enemy lines.
  • noun The commander of a body of detached light troops engaged in making forays and harassing an enemy.
  • adjective Serving as commander or member of a body of detached light troops: as, a partisan officer or corps.
  • adjective Adherent to a party or faction; especially, having the character of blind, passionate, or unreasonable adherence to a party; as, blinded by partisan zeal.
  • adjective Devoted to or biased in support of a party, group, or cause: partisan politics.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a pike with a long tapering double-edged blade with lateral projections; 16th and 17th centuries
  • noun an ardent and enthusiastic supporter of some person or activity
  • adjective devoted to a cause or party
  • noun a fervent and even militant proponent of something

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle French partizaine, partisanne et al., from Italian partigiana, related to Etymology 1, above (apparently because it was seen as a typical weapon of such forces).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From French partisan, from Italian partigiano ("defender of a party"), from parte ("part"). English from the mid-16th century. The sense of "guerilla fighter" is from c. 1690. The adjective in the military sense dates from the early 18th century, in the political sense since 1842.

Examples

Comments

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  • I wrote as an enthusiast and a partisan—and with, it now seems to me, a certain naiveté.

    Susan Sontag, Against Interpretation and Other Essays

    November 19, 2011