from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A grammatical unit that is syntactically independent and has a subject that is expressed or, as in imperative sentences, understood and a predicate that contains at least one finite verb.
  • noun The penalty imposed by a law court or other authority upon someone found guilty of a crime or other offense.
  • noun Archaic A maxim.
  • noun Obsolete An opinion, especially one given formally after deliberation.
  • transitive verb To impose a sentence on (a criminal defendant found guilty, for example).

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To pass or pronounce sentence or judgment on; condemn; doom to punishment.
  • To pronounce as judgment; express as a decision or determination; decree.
  • To express in a short, energetic, sententious manner.
  • noun Way of thinking; opinion; sentiment; judgment; decision.
  • noun A saying; a maxim; an axiom.
  • noun A verdict, judgment, decision, or decree; specifically, in law, a definitive judgment pronounced by a court or judge upon a criminal; a judicial decision publicly and officially declared in a criminal prosecution.
  • noun In grammar, a form of words having grammatical completeness; a number of words constituting a whole, as the expression of a statement, inquiry, or command; a combination of subject and predicate.
  • noun Sense; meaning.
  • noun Substance; matter; contents.
  • noun In music, a complete idea, usually consisting of two or four phrases. The term is used somewhat variously as to length, but it always applies to a division that is complete and satisfactory in itself.
  • noun A brief response or antiphon sung by the choir in a church service.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun obsolete Sense; meaning; significance.
  • noun An opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable nature.
  • noun A philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma.
  • noun (Law) In civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or judge; condemnation pronounced by a judicial tribunal; doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to denote the judgment in criminal cases.
  • noun A short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a maxim; an axiom; a saw.
  • noun (Gram.) A combination of words which is complete as expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the close by a period, or full point. See Proposition, 4.
  • noun a saying not easily explained.
  • transitive verb To pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to punishment; to prescribe the punishment of.
  • transitive verb obsolete To decree or announce as a sentence.
  • transitive verb obsolete To utter sententiously.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • verb To declare a sentence on a convicted person; to doom; to condemn to punishment.
  • verb obsolete To decree or announce as a sentence.
  • verb obsolete To utter sententiously.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned
  • noun (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed
  • verb pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law
  • noun a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, opinion, from Old French, from Latin sententia, from sentiēns, sentient-, present participle of sentīre, to feel; see sent- in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle French sentence, from Latin sententia ("way of thinking, opinion, sentiment"), from sentiens, present participle of sentīre ("to feel, think"); see sentient, sense, scent.


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