Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The British governmental department charged with the collection and management of the national revenue.
  • n. In Great Britain, the Court of Exchequer.
  • n. A treasury, as of a nation or an organization.
  • n. Financial resources; funds.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. a treasury
  • n. an available fund of money, especially one for a specific purpose

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One of the superior courts of law; -- so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table.
  • n. The department of state having charge of the collection and management of the royal revenue. [Eng.] Hence, the treasury; and, colloquially, pecuniary possessions in general.
  • transitive v. To institute a process against (any one) in the Court of Exchequer.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To sue in the Court of Exchequer.
  • n. [capitalized] In England, an ancient court or tribunal, more fully designated the Court of Exchequer, in which all causes affecting the revenues of the crown were tried and decided.
  • n. [capitalized] In Scotland, a court of similar nature and history, abolished in 1857.
  • n. [capitalized] In the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, that department of the government which has charge of all matters relating to the public revenue of the kingdom, the head of which is called the Chancellor of the Exchequer. See chancellor, 3 .
  • n. A state treasury: as, the war drained the exchequer.
  • n. Pecuniary resources; finances: as, my exchequer was getting low. [Colloq.]

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the funds of a government or institution or individual

Etymologies

Alteration of Middle English escheker, from Old French eschequier, counting table, chessboard, from eschec, check; see check.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Anglo-Norman escheker ("chessboard"); from Medieval Latin scaccarium. This is because the grid on which the exchequer counted money resembled a chessboard. (Wiktionary)

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