Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A solemn binding promise to do, give, or refrain from doing something.
  • noun Something given or held as security to guarantee payment of a debt or fulfillment of an obligation.
  • noun The condition of something thus given or held.
  • noun Delivery of goods or personal property as security for a debt or obligation.
  • noun The contract or transaction stipulating or involving such delivery.
  • noun A token or sign.
  • noun A person who has been accepted for membership in a fraternity or similar organization and has promised to join but has not yet been initiated.
  • noun The act of drinking in honor of someone; a toast.
  • noun A vow to abstain from alcoholic liquor.
  • intransitive verb To offer or guarantee by a solemn binding promise: synonym: promise.
  • intransitive verb To bind or secure by a pledge or promise: synonym: devote.
  • intransitive verb To deposit as security; pawn.
  • intransitive verb To promise to join (a fraternity or similar organization).
  • intransitive verb To accept as a prospective member of such an organization.
  • intransitive verb To drink a toast to.
  • intransitive verb To make a solemn binding promise; swear.
  • intransitive verb To drink a toast.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun In law: A person who goes surety or gives bail for another; especially, a surety whom early English law required of a plaintiff on bringing an action. After a time “John Doe” and “Richard Roe” did duty as such pledges.
  • noun A bailment of personal property as a security for some debt or engagement. Story, J.
  • noun Anything given or considered as security for the performance of an act; a guaranty.
  • noun Figuratively, a child; offspring.
  • noun A surety; a hostage.
  • noun A formal obligation whereby one voluntarily binds himself to abstain from the use of intoxicating drink.
  • noun A token or sign of favor, agreement, etc.
  • noun An expression of good will, or a promise of friendship and support, conveyed by drinking together; hence, in a more general sense, the act of drinking together; the drinking of a health.
  • To give as a pledge or pawn; deposit in pawn; deposit or leave in possession of a person as security. See pledge, n.
  • To give or formally and solemnly offer as a guaranty or security.
  • To bind to something by a pledge, promise, or engagement; engage solemnly: as, to pledge one's self.
  • To guarantee the performance of by or as by a pledge.
  • To give assurance of friendship to, or promise friendship to, by or in the act of drinking; hence, to drink a health to or with.
  • To assure solemnly or in a binding manner; guarantee.
  • = Syn. 1-3. To pawn, hypothecate. See plight, verb

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Law) The transfer of possession of personal property from a debtor to a creditor as security for a debt or engagement; also, the contract created between the debtor and creditor by a thing being so delivered or deposited, forming a species of bailment; also, that which is so delivered or deposited; something put in pawn.
  • noun (Old Eng. Law) A person who undertook, or became responsible, for another; a bail; a surety; a hostage.
  • noun A hypothecation without transfer of possession.
  • noun Anything given or considered as a security for the performance of an act; a guarantee.
  • noun A promise or agreement by which one binds one's self to do, or to refrain from doing, something; especially, a solemn promise in writing to refrain from using intoxicating liquors or the like
  • noun A sentiment to which assent is given by drinking one's health; a toast; a health.
  • noun (Law) A mortgage. See Mortgage.
  • noun (Law) The conveyance of an estate to another for money borrowed, to be held by him until the debt is paid out of the rents and profits.
  • noun to keep as security.
  • noun to pawn; to give as security.
  • transitive verb To deposit, as a chattel, in pledge or pawn; to leave in possession of another as security.
  • transitive verb To give or pass as a security; to guarantee; to engage; to plight.
  • transitive verb obsolete To secure performance of, as by a pledge.
  • transitive verb To bind or engage by promise or declaration; to engage solemnly.
  • transitive verb To invite another to drink, by drinking of the cup first, and then handing it to him, as a pledge of good will; hence, to drink the health of; to toast.

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English, from Old French plege, probably from Late Latin plevium, a security, of Germanic origin; see dlegh- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English plege, from Anglo-Norman plege, from Old French plege (Modern French pleige) from Medieval Latin plevium, plebium, from Medieval Latin plebire "to pledge", from Frankish *plegan ("to pledge, support, guarantee"), from Proto-Germanic *plegō (“responsibility, habit”), from Proto-Indo-European *dlegh-. Akin to Old High German pflegan ("to take care of, be accustomed to"), Old Saxon plegan ("to vouch for"), Old English plēon ("to risk, endanger"). More at plight.

Examples

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