from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Authoritative permission or approval that makes a course of action valid. See Synonyms at permission.
- n. Support or encouragement, as from public opinion or established custom.
- n. A consideration, influence, or principle that dictates an ethical choice.
- n. A law or decree.
- n. The penalty for noncompliance specified in a law or decree.
- n. A penalty, specified or in the form of moral pressure, that acts to ensure compliance or conformity.
- n. A coercive measure adopted usually by several nations acting together against a nation violating international law.
- transitive v. To give official authorization or approval to: "The president, we are told, has sanctioned greed at the cost of compassion” ( David Rankin).
- transitive v. To encourage or tolerate by indicating approval. See Synonyms at approve.
- transitive v. To penalize, especially for violating a moral principle or international law.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An approval, by an authority, generally one that makes something valid.
- n. A penalty, or some coercive measure, intended to ensure compliance; especially one adopted by several nations, or by an international body.
- n. A law, treaty, or contract, or a clause within a law, treaty, or contract, specifying the above.
- v. To ratify; to make valid.
- v. To give official authorization or approval to; to countenance.
- v. To penalize (a State etc.) with sanctions.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Solemn or ceremonious ratification; an official act of a superior by which he ratifies and gives validity to the act of some other person or body; establishment or furtherance of anything by giving authority to it; confirmation; approbation.
- n. Anything done or said to enforce the will, law, or authority of another.
- transitive v. To give sanction to; to ratify; to confirm; to approve.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To give authoritative permission or approval to: ratify; confirm; invest with validity or authority.
- To give countenance or support to; approve.
- Synonyms Allow, Permit, etc. See allow.
- n. The act of making sacred; the act of rendering authoritative as law; the act of decreeing or ratifying; the act of making binding, as by an oath.
- n. A decree; an ordinance; a law: as, the pragmatic sanction.
- n. The conferring of authority upon an opinion, practice, or sentiment; confirmation or support derived from public approval, from exalted testimony, or from the countenance of a person or body commanding respect.
- n. A provision of a law which enforces obedience by the enactment of rewards or penalties, called respectively remuneratory and punitive sanctions; hence, in utilitarian ethics, the knowledge of the pleasurable or painful consequences of an act, as making it moral or immoral.
- n. Synonyms and Authorization, countenance, support, warrant.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. give religious sanction to, such as through on oath
- n. a mechanism of social control for enforcing a society's standards
- n. the act of final authorization
- v. give authority or permission to
- n. official permission or approval
- n. formal and explicit approval
- v. give sanction to
Whether the sanction is historically regarded as a punishment?
Palin, unlike the author of the above article, probably knows there's more than just the one definition of the word "sanction".
Consequently bogeyman excuses are co-opted to obtain sanction for this unethical abrogation of a natural right even more fundamental than liberty.
"This sanction is consistent with our honor code for students and its emphasis on education, reflection and ultimately restoration to an honorable place in our community."
"If you want to send a tanker filled with refined petrol to Iran, and you have proved that you are not carrying any other goods that we deem illegal, Europe has no problem," said a high European official who specializes in sanction policies who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the subject.
What sanction is there to stop the chavs behaving exactly as they wish?
Levey and Cohen acknowledged that America's adversaries are continuing to adapt to U.S. financial measures and that the ultimate impact of long-term sanction campaigns remains unclear.
Does she even know what a sanction is or what implications it has?
Not exactly — the sanction is for telling information to someone who is not cleared to have it for national security reasons.
New York has simply not removed the criminal sanction from the marital bedroom.