American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The hereditary commander of the Japanese army who until 1867 exercised absolute rule under the nominal leadership of the emperor.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. General: the title of the commander-in-chief or captain-general of the Japanese army during the continuance of the feudal system in that country. More fully called
tai shogun(‘great general’), or sei-i-tai-shogun, ‘barbarian-subduing great-general’—the earlier wars of the Japanese (when this form of the title was first used) having been waged against the ‘barbarians’ or aboriginal inhabitants of the country. The office was made hereditary in the Minamoto family in 1192, when the title was bestowed on a famous warrior and hero named Yoritomo, and continued in that family or some branch of it until 1868, when it was abolished, and the feudal system virtually came to an end. From the first a large share of the governing power naturally devolved on the shogun as the chief vassal of the mikado. This power was gradually extended by the encroachments of successive shoguns, especially of Iyeyasu, founder in l603 of the Tokugawa line, and in course of time the shoguns became the virtual rulers of the country—always, however, acknowledging the supremacy of the mikado, and professing to act in his name. This state of things has given rise to the common but erroneous opinion and assertion that Japan had two emperors—“a spiritual emperor” (the mikado), living in Kioto, and “a temporal emperor” (the shogun), who held court in Yedo (now called Tokio). In the troubles which arose subsequent to 1858 in connection with the ratification and enforcement of the treaties which the shogunate had made with foreign nations, establishing trade relations, etc., many of the daimios, tired of the domination of the shogun and disapproving of the treaties, sided with the emperor; this led in 1867 to the resignation of the shogun of the time, and in the following year the office was abolished, the reigning mikado undertaking to govern the country in person. See daimioand tycoon.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A title originally conferred by the Mikado on the military governor of the eastern provinces of Japan. By gradual usurpation of power the
Shoguns(known to foreigners as Tycoons) became finally the virtual rulers of Japan. The title was abolished in 1867.
- n. a hereditary military dictator of Japan; the shoguns ruled Japan until the revolution of 1867-68
- From Japanese 将軍 (shōgun), from an abbreviation of 征夷大将軍 (Seii Taishogun) which means the general who overcomes the barbarians. (Wiktionary)
- Japanese shōgun, general, from Middle Chinese tsiangkun : tsiang, general + kun, army. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“This is the temple of the second shogun, which is noteworthy for the beauty of the decoration of the sanctum and the tomb.”
“The hearing by the shogun was the last recourse, and before submission to him the facts had to be investigated by the chamberlains (sobashu), who thus exercised great influence.”
“The shogun was a misogynist, and Yasuaki understood well that men who profess to hate women become the slave of the fair sex when their alleged repugnance is overcome.”
“Hopefully he'll be consistent and call shogun before his next fight!”
“Many of those buried here contributed to the modernization of Japan in one way or another during the Meiji Restoration -- a revolutionary period beginning in the late 1860s that was marked by the downfall of the shogunate ( "shogun" was the title given to the hereditary military commanders who ruled the country for 700 years) and feudalism and the creation of the modern state.”
“I have elsewhere said that the title "shogun" originally signified, as did the Roman military term Imperator, only a commander-in-chief: it now became the title of the supreme ruler de facto, in his double capacity of civil and military sovereign, -- the King of kings.”
“I also suspect that Dane 101's readership (well represented here by "shogun" in the initial comment) likely follows irrational suit.”
“she certainly seemed nice enough in high school, though her preferred friends probably could not have quoted yoda, and probably have not spent all of spring break reading "shogun" by james clavell. however, i certainly thought well enough of her to remember her after ten years with vague well-wishes.”
“Not long ago I stumbled on an out-of-print edition of Common Sense: How to Exercise It (Funk & Wagnalls, 1916), written by the Japanese shogun Yoritomo-Tashi and translated by Mme. Léon J. Berthelot de la Boileverie.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘shogun’.
No one ever says, "I want to be a somnambulist when I grow up." But don't let that get in the way of organizing your Wordie lists.
words associated with Japanese culture.
Rosarians have names for thousands of varieties of roses.
About leaders, particularly the authority-figure at the top of the tree.
To keep handy when I want to alliterate as in "sultan of swing". To avoid repetition, where there are gender-oriented variants of the same weird, use the masculine (because I'm sexist).
Japanese and Japanese-derived words that have gained use in English.
Noble, leadership and ranking titles.
or sultana or mogul or...
rulers of the world
Looking for tweets for shogun.