American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Used formerly as a title for the hereditary monarch of Iran.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In the Persian language, the ruler of a land, as either sovereign or vassal. The monarch of Persia (usually called the Shah by English writers) is designated by the compound appellation of padishah.
- n. A king of Persia.
- n. A supreme ruler in some Middle Eastern or South Asian nations.
- n. historical An Ukrainian monetary unit.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A former title of the supreme ruler in certain Eastern countries, especially Persia and Iran.
- n. title for the former hereditary monarch of Iran
- From Persian شاه (šāh), from Middle Persian 𐭱𐭠𐭤 (šāh), from Old Persian 𐏋 (xšāyaθiya). (Wiktionary)
- Persian shāh, king, from Old Persian khshāyathiya-. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“He was America's "shah"-and that has also been his undoing.”
“It's hard to block out flashbacks of President Jimmy Carter's 1977 New Year's Eve statement that Iran under the shah was an island of stability in a troubled region - only months before that stability was shattered.”
“So is the revolution generation, those who remember the shah and hate the U.S. for it and with cause, you can say what you want about human rights in Iran today and you'd be right but the shah was a really evil kind of guy.”
“The official national anthem of the shah was the "Imperial Salute of Iran.”
“There are allusions to Persia in Shakespeare cited here (the shah was the playwright's contemporary), and most notably there is a pair of small portraits of Robert Sherley and his Circassian wife, Teresia; Sherley, a British adventurer sent to Persia by Elizabeth I, ended up representing the shah on various foreign missions.”
“A ruler with a broad international perspective, the shah was a subject of portraits by Indian Mughal and European artists.”
“We may premise that the shah is the first sovereign who, as such, has become the guest of Switzerland since the meeting of the Council of Constance in the fifteenth century.”
“There was an Indian by the name of Pet-cah-shah, which is their word for”
“The shah, who was overthrown in 1979, was widely hated, and comparing a rival to the shah is a serious, though common, insult in Iranian politics.”
“Comparing a rival to the shah is a serious, though common, insult in Iranian politics.”
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Looking for tweets for shah.