Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Buddhist arch., the gateway of a sacred rail, in wood or in stone, consisting essentially of an upright or pillar on each side, with a projecting crosspiece resting upon them. Typically there are three of these crosspieces superimposed, and the whole monument is frequently elaborately sculptured. The torans of Bharhut and of Sanchi in Central India are especially elaborate.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Indian Arch.) A gateway, commonly of wood, but sometimes of stone, consisting of two upright pillars carrying one to three transverse lintels. It is often minutely carved with symbolic sculpture, and serves as a monumental approach to a Buddhist temple.
“(Pictured: Marigold flowers and Mango leaves, depicted in yarn, woven into a garland or "toran", a must-have for every festive occasion in Maharashtra) ...”
“She's made wall hangings for every apartment and then some, and toran for all of the doorways.”
“The toran, which can be an elaborately embroidered fabric banner that is decorated with Hindu symbols or just a few auspicious mango leaves threaded onto a simple string, showers goodwill on the home and on each individual who steps under this sanctified threshold.”
“Be sure to hang the toran high enough so that it wont get caught in the door.”
“In India, Hindus hang a toran over the threshold that leads into their home—not to receive a kiss, but to receive blessings from the gods every time the door is swung open.”
“Among the Marwari Banias a _toran_ or string of mango-leaves is stretched above the door of the house on the occasion of a wedding and left there for six months.”
“At length the _toran_ was broken amid the shouts of the retainers, and the fair defenders retired.”
“At the entrance of the marriage-shed was hung the _toran_, a triangle of three wooden bars, having the apex crowned with the effigy of a peacock.”
“Marriage-sheds are erected at the houses both of the bride and bridegroom in accordance with the usual practice, and just before the marriage, parties are given at both houses; the village watchman brings the _toran_ or string of mango-leaves, which is hung round the marriage-shed in the manner of a triumphal arch, and in the evening the party assembles, the men sitting at one side of the shed and the women at the other.”
“The bridegroom on horseback, lance in hand, proceeded to break the _toran_, which was defended by the damsels of the bride.”
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