from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To rest with the torso vertical and the body supported on the buttocks.
  • intransitive v. To rest with the hindquarters lowered onto a supporting surface. Used of animals.
  • intransitive v. To perch. Used of birds.
  • intransitive v. To cover eggs for hatching; brood.
  • intransitive v. To be situated or located: a house that sits on a hill.
  • intransitive v. To lie or rest: Dishes were sitting on a shelf. See Usage Note at set1.
  • intransitive v. To pose for an artist or photographer.
  • intransitive v. To occupy a seat as a member of a body of officials: sit in Congress.
  • intransitive v. To be in session.
  • intransitive v. To remain inactive or unused: Her expensive skis sat gathering dust.
  • intransitive v. To affect one with or as if with a burden; weigh: Official duties sat heavily upon the governor.
  • intransitive v. To fit, fall, or drape in a specified manner: The jacket sits perfectly on you.
  • intransitive v. To be agreeable to one; please: The idea didn't sit well with any of us.
  • intransitive v. Chiefly British To take an examination, as for a degree.
  • intransitive v. To blow from a particular direction. Used of the wind.
  • intransitive v. To keep watch or take care of a child.
  • transitive v. To cause to sit; seat: Sit yourself over there.
  • transitive v. To keep one's seat on (an animal): She sits her horse well.
  • transitive v. To sit on (eggs) for the purpose of hatching.
  • transitive v. To provide seating accommodation for: a theater that sits 1,000 people.
  • n. The act of sitting.
  • n. A period of time spent sitting.
  • n. The way in which an article of clothing, such as a dress or jacket, fits.
  • sit down To take a seat.
  • sit in To be present or participate as a visitor at a discussion or music session.
  • sit in To act as a substitute: She sat in for the vacationing news anchor.
  • sit in To take part in a sit-in.
  • on Informal To confer about.
  • on Informal To suppress or repress: sat on the evidence.
  • on Informal To postpone action or resolution regarding.
  • on Slang Informal To rebuke sharply; reprimand.
  • sit out To stay until the end of.
  • sit out To refrain from taking part in: sit out a dance.
  • sit up To rise from lying down to a sitting position.
  • sit up To sit with the spine erect.
  • sit up To stay up later than the customary bedtime.
  • sit up To become suddenly alert: The students sat up when he mentioned the test.
  • idiom sit on (one's) hands To fail to act.
  • idiom sit pretty Informal To be in a very favorable position.
  • idiom sit tight Informal To be patient and await the next move.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To be in a position in which the upper body is upright and the legs (especially the upper legs) are supported by some object.
  • v. To move oneself into such a position.
  • v. To occupy a given position permanently.
  • v. To be a member of a deliberative body.
  • v. Of a legislative or, especially, a judicial body such as a court, to be in session.
  • v. To be accepted or acceptable; to work.
  • v. To cause to be seated or in a sitting posture; to furnish a seat to.
  • v. To accommodate in seats; to seat.
  • v. shortened form of babysit.
  • v. To babysit
  • v. (Of an examination or test) To take.
  • n. an event (usually one full day or more) where the primary goal is to sit in meditation.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • obs. 3d pers. sing. pres. of sit, for sitteth.
  • intransitive v. To rest upon the haunches, or the lower extremity of the trunk of the body; -- said of human beings, and sometimes of other animals.
  • intransitive v. To perch; to rest with the feet drawn up, as birds do on a branch, pole, etc.
  • intransitive v. To remain in a state of repose; to rest; to abide; to rest in any position or condition.
  • intransitive v. To lie, rest, or bear; to press or weigh; -- with on.
  • intransitive v. To be adjusted; to fit.
  • intransitive v. To suit one well or ill, as an act; to become; to befit; -- used impersonally.
  • intransitive v. To cover and warm eggs for hatching, as a fowl; to brood; to incubate.
  • intransitive v. To have position, as at the point blown from; to hold a relative position; to have direction.
  • intransitive v. To occupy a place or seat as a member of an official body.
  • intransitive v. To hold a session; to be in session for official business; -- said of legislative assemblies, courts, etc..
  • intransitive v. To take a position for the purpose of having some artistic representation of one's self made, as a picture or a bust.
  • transitive v. To sit upon; to keep one's seat upon.
  • transitive v. To cause to be seated or in a sitting posture; to furnish a seat to; -- used reflexively.
  • transitive v. To suit (well or ill); to become.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To take or have such a posture that the back is comparatively erect, while the rest of the body bends at the hips and generally at the knees, to conform to a support beneath; rest in such a posture; occupy a seat: said of persons, and also of some animals, as dogs and cats.
  • To crouch, as a bird on a nest; hence, to brood; incubate.
  • To perch in a crouching posture; roost: said of birds.
  • To be or continue in a state of rest; remain passive or inactive; repose.
  • To continue in a position or place; remain; stay; pass the time.
  • To be located; have a seat or site; be placed; dwell; abide.
  • To have a certain position or direction; be disposed in a particular way.
  • To rest, lie, or bear (on); weigh; be carried or endured.
  • To be worn or adjusted; fit, as a garment; hence used figuratively of anything assumed, as an air, appearance, opinion, or habit.
  • To be incumbent; lie or rest, as an obligation; be proper or seemly; suit; comport.
  • To abide; be confirmed; prosper.
  • To place one's self in position or in readiness for a certain end: as, to sit for one's portrait; to sit for an examination, or for a fellowship in a university.
  • To be convened, as an assembly; hold a session; be officially engaged in deliberative or judicial business.
  • To occupy a seat in an official capacity; be in any assembly as a member; have a seat, as in Parliament; occupy a see (as bishop).
  • To crack off and subside without breaking, as a mass of coal after holing and removal of the sprags.
  • To establish one's self; settle.
  • Milit., to encamp, especially for the purpose of besieging; begin a siege.
  • To cease from action; pause; rest.
  • To yield passively; submit as if satisfied; content one's self.
  • To adhere firmly to anything.
  • To quash; check; repress, especially by a snub.
  • To maintain a sitting posture; sit with the back comparatively erect; not to be bedridden.
  • To refrain from or defer going to bed or to sleep.
  • Hence— To keep watch during the night or the usual time for sleeping: generally followed by with.
  • To have or keep a seat upon.
  • To seat: chiefly in reflexive use.
  • To rest or weigh on; concern; interest; affect; stand (in expense); cost.
  • To be incumbent upon; lie or rest upon; be proper for; suit; become; befit.
  • To fit, as a garment.
  • n. A subsidence or fall of the roof of a coal-mine.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. be located or situated somewhere
  • v. sit and travel on the back of animal, usually while controlling its motions
  • v. work or act as a baby-sitter
  • v. assume a posture as for artistic purposes
  • v. show to a seat; assign a seat for
  • v. take a seat
  • v. be seated
  • v. be around, often idly or without specific purpose
  • v. be in session
  • v. serve in a specific professional capacity


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English sitten, from Old English sittan.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English sitten, from Old English sittan, from Proto-Germanic *sitjanan, from *set-, from Proto-Indo-European *sed- (“sit”). Cognate with West Frisian sitte, Low German sitten, Dutch zitten, German sitzen, Swedish sitta; and with Irish suigh, Latin sedeo, Russian сидеть.



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