"Chiefly in Western Australia: a period of rest, a holiday; spec. a journey undertaken by an Australian Aborigine in order to withdraw temporarily from white society and return to a more traditional lifestyle." OED
"A sailing vessel is hove to when it is at or nearly at rest because the driving action from one or more sails is approximately balanced by the drive from the other(s)." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heaving_to
From Wikipedia: "The Alley Oop play was developed in the 1950s American football games by San Francisco 49ers Y.A. Tittle and R.C. Owens. Tittle, who played as quarterback, would throw the ball into the end zone high like a jump ball, and Owens would jump up and catch it. The play was named after V. T. Hamlin's comics strip character Alley Oop; and Owens himself was known as 'Alley Oop'." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alley_Oop_%28football%29
"In American football, the fumblerooski is a trick play, famously used by the University of Nebraska Cornhuskers against the University of Miami Hurricanes in the 1984 Orange Bowl. It was invented by John Heisman. In the fumblerooski, the quarterback deliberately places or leaves the ball on the ground upon receiving it from the center, technically fumbling it. The backs will run to the right, and the right guard will pick up the ball and run to the left." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fumblerooski
From Wikipedia: "Coffee milk is a drink similar to chocolate milk; however, instead of chocolate syrup, coffee syrup is used. It is the official state drink of Rhode Island in the United States of America."
From Wikipedia: "A cortado (from the Spanish cortar, known as "Tallat" in Catalan and "Ebaki" in Basque, "Pingo" or "Garoto" in Portugal and "noisette" in France) is an espresso "cut" with a small amount of warm milk to reduce the acidity. The ratio of milk to coffee is between 1:1 - 1:2, and the milk is added after the espresso."
From The New Dickson Baseball Dictionary: (verb) To make a play with great ease or indifference (according to Dizzy Dean). Etymology: The term is a creative corruption of the word "nonchalant," recast as a verb.
From the Urban Dictionary: It most literally translates from archaic French as "valiant," and is often combined with the phrase "preux chevalier" which means "valiant knight." It's common usage in the English language may be partially attributed to the author P.G. Wodehouse in his tales of Bertram Wooster, who would have learned to always be preux in his time at Eaton and Oxford.
From Wikipedia: Abhinaya is a concept in Indian dance and drama derived from Bharata's Natya Shastra. Although now, the word has come to mean 'the art of expression', etymologically it derives from Sanskrit abhi- 'towards' + nii- 'leading/guide', so literally it means a 'leading towards' (leading the audience towards a sentiment, a rasa).
From the Wikipedia entry: "Karpas is one of the traditional rituals in the Passover Seder. It refers to the vegetable, usually parsley or celery, that is dipped in liquid (usually salt water) and eaten."
From Shipbuilding From Its Beginnings (1913) by Emile van Konijnenburg (Internet Archive): This boat has a long, fine bow; the stern, on the other hand, is narrow. The hull above the bends falls in sharply. The stem is straight and very much inclined. At the square upper end of the stem is a sheave, one side of which rests on the stem and the other side on a bracket which is made firm to the stem. The boat carries a fish tank and has near the bow a cuddy which serves as a lodging.
In Norse mythology, Ginnungagap ("yawning abyss") was the vast, primordial void that existed prior to the creation of the manifest universe, corresponding (both in etymology and in meaning) to the Greek notion of Chaos. (Wikipedia entry)