American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A plant of the genus Valeriana, especially V. officinalis, native to Eurasia and widely cultivated for its small, fragrant, white to pink or lavender flowers and for use in medicine.
- n. The dried rhizomes of this plant, used medicinally as a sedative.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A plant of the genus Valeriana. The common, officinal, or great wild valerian is V. officinalis, native through Europe and Asiatic Russia, cultivated for its medicinal root and somewhat for ornament. It is a herbaceous plant with a perennial rootstock; the stem is erect, from 2 to 4 feet high, and furrowed; the leaves are opposite and pinnate; and the flowers are small, white or pinkish, in terminal corymbs. The root is an officinal drug having the property of a gentle stimulant, with an especial direction to the nerves, applied in hysteria, epilepsy, etc. Its virtue resides chiefly in a volatile oil—the oil of valerian. It is of a pungent disagreeable odor, which is attractive to cats, and also, it is said, to rats; it is therefore used as a bait. In England in the sixteenth century, valerian, under the name of setwall, was regarded as a panacea; but the species appears to have been V. Pyrenaica, a plant there cultivated, and naturalized from Spain. V. Phu from western Asia, called
garden valerian, is also cultivated, and affords a root of weaker property. V. Dioscoridis is believed to be the true valerian or phu ( φου%26) of the ancient Greeks. There are three species of valerian in North America, the most notable being V. edulis. edible valerian, whose thickened roots, after prolonged cooking in the ground, formerly formed a staple food of the Digger Indians.
- n. The rootstocks of the officinal valerian, or some preparation from them.
- Pertaining to any one of the name of Valerius
- n. A hardy perennial flowering plant, Valeriana officinalis, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers.
- n. More generally, any plant of the genus Valeriana.
- n. uncountable The root of Valeriana officinalis, used in herbal medicine.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) Any plant of the genus Valeriana. The root of the officinal valerian (Valeriana officinalis) has a strong smell, and is much used in medicine as an antispasmodic.
- n. a plant of the genus Valeriana having lobed or dissected leaves and cymose white or pink flowers
- From Old French valeriane or mediaeval Latin valeriana, from the personal name Valerius. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old French valeriane, from Medieval Latin valeriāna, probably from feminine of Latin Valeriānus, of Valeria, Roman province where the plant originated. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Commonly used ingredients already registered include echinacea, which is used against colds, St John's wort, used for depression and anxiety, and valerian, which is claimed to ease insomnia.”
“It is covered with a very soft, hoary, velvet-like down, and has a strong, pungent, aromatic odour, like penny royal or valerian, that is peculiarly grateful to cats, whence its specific and English names.”
“The valerian is a perennial herb, multiplying itself yearly by  slender rootstocks or runners producing at their tips new rosettes of leaves and in the center of these the flowering stem.”
“Melatonin is used for the latter, while ingredients such as valerian root and chamomile take care of the former, Healy says.”
“As it was, I had a question for him, an inquiry about a flower called "valerian".”
“Hormone replacement therapy and natural sleep remedies such as valerian can also help, says Northrup.”
“• Try a natural sleep remedy, such as valerian, chamomile or melatonin.”
“If a person is taking an anticonvulsant that is obviously necessary, and already requires liver function tests as safety precautions, and then you add and herb such as valerian root for sleeping or what have you, it honestly would be wise to check into how safe this might be.”
“I have learned though, that combining certain herbs with other drugs that perform the same thing in the body can actually be dangerous, and that too much of certain herbs such as valerian root can be dangerous.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘valerian’.
Words that sound like they might be the names of elements of the periodic table, but that aren't. Many of the words listed here were actually proposed as names for substances their creators thought...
Delicious scents in an edible nibble.
favorite words. some are made up injokes between me and my husband or family.
Started off as herbs and spices, now to herbalry and nature-based drugs of all sorts. Plus beautiful flower names!
aka words having to do with scent
Looking for tweets for valerian.