Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Botany A short, modified, underground stem surrounded by usually fleshy modified leaves that contain stored food for the shoot within: an onion bulb; a tulip bulb.
  • n. Botany A similar underground stem or root, such as a corm, rhizome, or tuber.
  • n. Botany A plant that grows from a bulb.
  • n. A rounded projection or part: the bulb of a syringe.
  • n. An incandescent lamp or its glass housing.
  • n. Anatomy A rounded dilation or expansion of a canal, vessel, or organ.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any solid object rounded at one end and tapering on the other, possibly attached to a larger object at the tapered end.
  • n. A light bulb.
  • n. The bulb-shaped root portion of a plant such as a tulip, from which the rest of the plant may be regrown.
  • n. a bulbous protuberance at the forefoot of certain vessels to reduce turbulence.
  • v. To take the shape of a bulb; to swell.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A spheroidal body growing from a plant either above or below the ground (usually below), which is strictly a bud, consisting of a cluster of partially developed leaves, and producing, as it grows, a stem above, and roots below, as in the onion, tulip, etc. It differs from a corm in not being solid.
  • n. A name given to some parts that resemble in shape certain bulbous roots.
  • n. An expansion or protuberance on a stem or tube, as the bulb of a thermometer, which may be of any form, as spherical, cylindrical, curved, etc.
  • n. a light bulb.
  • intransitive v. To take the shape of a bulb; to swell.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To project or be protuberant.
  • n. A form of the leaf-bud, usually subterranean, in which the stem is reduced to a flat disk, rooting from the under side, and bearing above closely appressed fleshy leaves.
  • n. Any protuberance or expansion resembling a bulb, especially an expansion at the end of a stalk or long and slender body: as, the bulb of a thermometer; the bulb of the aorta.
  • n. plural The tonsils.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata)
  • n. electric lamp consisting of a transparent or translucent glass housing containing a wire filament (usually tungsten) that emits light when heated by electricity
  • n. a rounded dilation or expansion in a canal or vessel or organ
  • n. a rounded part of a cylindrical instrument (usually at one end)
  • n. a modified bud consisting of a thickened globular underground stem serving as a reproductive structure
  • n. anything with a round shape resembling a teardrop

Etymologies

Latin bulbus, from Greek bolbos, bulbous plant.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French bulbe, from Latin bulbus ("bulb, onion"), from Ancient Greek βολβός (bolbos, "plant with round swelling on underground stem"). (Wiktionary)

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