American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of various fleshy fungi of the class Basidiomycota, characteristically having an umbrella-shaped cap borne on a stalk, especially any of the edible kinds, as those of the genus Agaricus.
- n. Something shaped like one of these fungi.
- v. To multiply, grow, or expand rapidly: The population mushroomed in the postwar decades.
- v. To swell or spread out into a shape similar to a mushroom.
- adj. Relating to, consisting of, or containing mushrooms: mushroom sauce.
- adj. Resembling mushrooms in rapidity of growth or evanescence: mushroom towns.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A cryptogamic plant of the class Fungi: applied in a general sense to almost any of the larger, conspicuous fungi, such as toadstools, puffballs, Hydnei, etc., but more particularly to the agaricoid fungi and especially to the edible forms. The species most usually cultivated is the Agaricus campestris, edible agaric or mushroom. Mushrooms are found in all parts of the world, and are usually of very rapid growth. In some localities they form a staple article of food. In Tierra del Fuego the natives live largely upon Cytharia Darwinii, and in Australia many species of Boletus are used as food by the natives. Many mushrooms are poisonous, and the selection of those suitable for cooking should be intrusted to competent judges. See cut under
- n. An upstart; one who rises rapidly from a low condition in life.
- n. A small mushroom-shaped protuberance that sometimes forms on the end of the negative carbon in arc-lamps.
- Of or pertaining to mushrooms; made of mushrooms: as, mushroom sauce.
- Resembling mushrooms in rapidity of growth and in unsubstantiality; ephemeral; upstart: as, mushroom aristocracy.
- To elevate suddenly in position or rank.
- Having the form or shape of a mushroom or toadstool; formed like the segment of a sphere; said of valves, anchors, etc.
- To spread out at the top in a form resembling that of a mushroom; curve over at the top; curve down from the top like a mushroom.
- n. Any of the fleshy fruiting bodies of fungi typically produced above ground on soil or on their food sources (such as decaying wood).
- n. A fungus producing such fruiting bodies.
- n. champignon or Agaricus bisporus, the mushroom species most commonly used in cooking.
- n. One of the mushroom-shaped pegs in bar billiards.
- adj. Containing or being made of mushrooms.
- adj. Resembling a mushroom by shape or appearance.
- v. intransitive To grow quickly to a large size.
- v. To gather mushrooms.
- v. ballistics (Of a bullet) To form the shape of a mushroom when a bullet impacts a soft target.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. An edible fungus (Agaricus campestris), having a white stalk which bears a convex or oven flattish expanded portion called the pileus. This is whitish and silky or somewhat scaly above, and bears on the under side radiating gills which are at first flesh-colored, but gradually become brown. The plant grows in rich pastures and is proverbial for rapidity of growth and shortness of duration. It has a pleasant smell, and is largely used as food. It is also cultivated from spawn.
- n. Any large fungus developing a visible fruiting body with a stem and cap, usu. of the basidiomycetes one of the genus Agaricus; a toadstool. Several species are edible; but many are very poisonous. The term
mushroomis used most often for edible varieties, the poisonous ones being termed toadstoolsor other names. But this distinction is often ignored.
- n. One who rises suddenly from a low condition in life; an upstart.
- adj. Of or pertaining to mushrooms.
- adj. Resembling mushrooms in rapidity of growth and shortness of duration; short-lived; ephemerial.
- v. to grow or expand rapidly.
- v. to grow so much and so rapidly as to change qualitatively; used with into.
- n. a large cloud of rubble and dust shaped like a mushroom and rising into the sky after an explosion (especially of a nuclear bomb)
- n. fleshy body of any of numerous edible fungi
- n. any of various fleshy fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota consisting of a cap at the end of a stem arising from an underground mycelium
- v. pick or gather mushrooms
- n. mushrooms and related fleshy fungi (including toadstools, puffballs, morels, coral fungi, etc.)
- n. common name for an edible agaric (contrasting with the inedible toadstool)
- v. grow and spread fast
- From Middle English musheron, musseron, from Anglo-Norman, from Old French mousseron, from Medieval Latin mussiriōnem, musariōnem, accusative of mussiriō, musariō ("mushroom"), of Germanic origin: French mousse ("moss") (—first applied to a type of fungus which grows in moss), from Low Frankish *mosa ("moss") or Old Dutch mosa "moss", akin to Old High German mos ("moss, bog"), Old High German mios ("moss, mire"), Old English mēos ("moss"), Old English mōs ("bog, marsh"), Old Norse mosi ("moss"), Old Norse myrr ("bog, mire"), from Proto-Germanic *musan, *musô, *miuziz (“mosses, bog”), from Proto-Indo-European *meus- (“mosses, mold, mildew”). Replaced native swamm ("mushroom") from Old English. More at mire (Wiktionary)
- Alteration (influenced by room) of Middle English musheron, from Anglo-Norman moscheron, musherum, from Old French mousseron, from Medieval Latin musariō, musariōn-. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Each tin mushroom is numbered and represents one mushroom left in reality.”
“Some apply the term mushroom to a single species, the one in cultivation, and which grows also in fields (_Agaricus campestris_), and call all others toadstools.”
“It is becoming customary with some students to apply the term mushroom to the entire group of higher fungi to which the mushroom belongs (_Basidiomycetes_), and toadstool is regarded as a synonymous term, since there is, strictly speaking, no distinction between a mushroom and a toadstool.”
“Conveniently this "mushroom" is ready to "burst" right when unemployment is about to hit 10% and the President is about to ask for another stimulus, because (A) this previous one wasn't enough, or (B) we can't tell if the previous one really failed or not .... depending on what day it is or which news program he is trying to sidestep.”
“So, just waiting for transplants to mushroom is not a winning strategy.”
“Salsify root and mushroom is a match made in heaven”
“A mushroom is a fungus that grows on wet, moist surfaces such as lawns, dead tree trunks, fences and wooded areas.”
“The latest results show that lightning-strength jolts of electricity can more than double the yield of certain mushroom species compared with conventional cultivation methods.”
“Organizers promise recipes, cultivation and cooking tips, family-friendly crafts, and answers to pressing foraging questions such as “How do I know if a mushroom is poisonous or not,” and “Do I need a permit to harvest mushrooms in Washington state”?”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘mushroom’.
In this area of expertise nouns are frequently used as adjectives (almond, bacon, cider, diesel, fennel, fresh-cut hay, wool) or new adjectives are formed (appley, berrylike, citrusy, full-bodied, ...
includes words of the "Prodcom list"
An add-on to Trivet's list elbow room and Lampbane's list 2BDRM W/VU that tries not to duplicate Trivet's and Lampbane's existing rooms. Virtual, allegorical and proverbial rooms accepted.
English words of Norman-French origin.
Ingredients, variations, folklore, things (and people) to eat it with, etc.
See also Hernesheir's Open List: Sauces.
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Vendors can get oddly creative.
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Looking for tweets for mushroom.