American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A system of rapid handwriting employing symbols to represent words, phrases, and letters.
- n. A system, form, or instance of abbreviated or formulaic reference: "The classical error is to regard a scientific law as only a shorthand for its instances” ( Jacob Bronowski).
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A system of writing briefer than that in general use (which is distinctively called longhand); a method of writing in which abbreviations or arbitrary simple characters or symbols are more or less systematically employed, in order to write words with greater rapidity than in the ordinary method of writing; brachygraphy; stenography; tachygraphy. The varieties of shorthand now in use are nearly all based on the phonetic principle. The system introduced by Isaac Pitman in 1837, and known as phonography (which see) from 1840, has, in its various modifications by its originator and others, a very wide currency wherever the English language is spoken. After the issue of the ninth edition of his work, in 1853, Pitman introduced extensive changes (especially in the vowel-system). The following is a comparative view of Pitman's later and earlier systems and that of a modification of them by J. E. Munson of New York (1886):
- n. For further comparison, the sentence “my tongue is the pen of a ready writer,” as written in these three systems, is here given:
- n. [The following passage is an early allusion to the use of the word in this sense:
- Of writing, contracted; stenographic; written in shorthand: as, shorthand notes.
- Of persons, using shorthand; stenographic.
- n. A compendious and rapid method of writing by substituting symbols, for letters, words, etc.; short writing; stenography; phonography
- n. any brief or shortened way of saying or doing something
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A compendious and rapid method or writing by substituting characters, abbreviations, or symbols, for letters, words, etc.; short writing; stenography. See
- n. a method of writing rapidly
- adj. written in abbreviated or symbolic form
“Without the webkit, moz, and o declarations, the full rule (not in shorthand) would be:”
“In order, the properties set in shorthand are the property to be transitioned (color), the duration of the transition (.5 second), and the type of transition (ease-in).”
“All other letters were rubber-stamped by Mr. Blake, who, also, in shorthand, in the course of the hour, put down the indicated answers to many letters and received the formula designations of reply to many other letters.”
“He studied book - keeping and type-writing, and he paid for lessons in shorthand by dictating at night to a court reporter who needed practice.”
“But this shorthand is Orwellian doublespeak that turns victim into perpetrator and distorts history.”
“Actually, it is not so much an argument as it is an expression of a new world view, or belief system which in shorthand is referred to as ‘materialism’.”
“People no longer see the importance of proper grammar or writing skills because they can communicate everything in shorthand code.”
“Mr. Modesitt's point about world-building as stage-magic shorthand is well taken, but I always thought that was exactly the art and craft of a writer -- to evoke more than is there with as little as possible, to invoke the reader's imagination in service of the writer's direction.”
“But in a sound bite, commets-laden online culture, a level of shorthand is required.”
“Obviously, that can be taken too far and things can become obfuscated if shorthand becomes too clever, but in general, I think a little programmer friendly shorthand is a good thing.”
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